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  Previous issue (2022. Vol. 14, no. 2)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Correction of Psychological Defenses and Anxiety of Students Using VR Training Programs 165

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Pobokin P.A.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of General Psychology, Smolensk State University, Smolensk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7814-0463
e-mail: p.pobokin@yandex.ru

Ivchenkova J.Y.
Freelance Employee, Chair of General Psychology, Smolensk State University, Smolensk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4371-7074
e-mail: juliusdaisyy@gmail.com

Kapustina V.U.
PhD in Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7628-4308
e-mail: 14057796@mail.ru

Abstract
This paper describes the correction of psychological defenses and anxiety of students through virtual training programs to optimize the educational process. The materials of an empirical study obtained on a sample of students of Smolensk universities are presented. The study involved respondents (N=63) aged 18 to 25 years (M=19.4, SD=0.25), of which 84% were male, 16% were female. The study was conducted in several stages. For the correction of mental characteristics were used, the test "Anxiety Research" was used (questionnaire of Ch.D. Spielberger-Yu.L. Khanina), the "Lifestyle Index" methodology, a virtual reality program to overcome nyctophobia. The reliability of the results obtained on changes in anxiety indicators and mechanisms of psychological protection of students was checked using the Fisher statistical criterion (F). The obtained results make it possible to say that the most sensitive to the effects of VR in the framework of the conversation were protective mechanisms: repression, regression, substitution, denial, which change the assessment of what is happening and the adequacy of behavioral and emotional reactions. Indicators for the "rationalization" mechanism in the control group and in the experimental group also underwent changes, but without significant results.

Keywords: virtual reality programs, personal and situational anxiety, nyctophobia, lifestyle index, psychological defense mechanisms

Column: Educational Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2021130409

Funding. The scientific research was carried out within the framework of the state assignment of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00041-21-02 dated 06/08/2021 "The influence of high-level virtual reality (VR) technologies on mental development in adolescence."

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful for assistance in data collection V.V. Selivanov, programmer V.P. Titov.

Received: 15.11.2021

Accepted: 05.12.2021

For Reference

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