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Self-Identification of Football Hooligans within the Social Space of Informal Groups 1288
Sobkin V.S., PhD in Psychology, Director of the Centre of Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Tyan A.A., PhD student at the Institute of Educational Sociology of the Russian Academy of Education, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper describes a research on football hooligans' attitudes towards the representatives of various youth subcultures. Basically, the attitude is constructed around the following modalities: 'friend-stranger', 'safe-dangerous'. Also, there are three characteristics that are typical of football hooligans' attitude towards the representatives of other informal groups: first, the ones whom they identify as 'friends' are those whose activities or ways of living are obviously related to risk; second, social values are of no significance in the description of their own subculture; third, their attitude towards football fans of other football clubs is ambiguous. As it was revealed through a comparative analysis of the attitudes, there is a certain distinction between the 'inside point of view' and the 'outside point of view': when evaluating from the inside, football hooligans refer to their group mates as 'safe', whereas from the outside, hooli¬gans of other football clubs are clearly perceived as 'dangerous'.
Keywords: youth subcultures, 'football hooligans', 'tolkienists', 'punks', 'extreme sports lovers', 'skinheads', 'antifascists', 'acid lovers', 'bikers', 'bright young things', 'rednecks, 'friends-strangers', 'safe-dangerous'
Column: Applied Research and Practice