Relationship between Values and Cross-Cultural Styles of Conflict Interaction of High School Students and Teachers 1223
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Head of the Chair of Ethnopsychology and Psychological Problems in Multicultural Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
PhD student at the Department of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
The paper reports the outcomes of an empirical study on the relationship between values and cross-cultural styles of conflict interaction within the educational context. The study proved that there is a correlation between high school students’ attitudes towards individualism and their perception of appropriateness of emotional expressiveness in conflicts with a teacher. Actually, personal values of power and hedonism increase students’ readiness for expressive behavior in conflicts with teachers, whereas values connected with caring for other people (conformity, universalism), on the contrary, reduce it. According to the data obtained in the study, students’ perceptions of emotional expressiveness/restraint in the conflict situations are basically related to the dynamic contradiction between values of self-transcendence and conservatism, on the one hand, and values of self-enhancement and openness to change, on the other.
Keywords: cross-cultural styles of conflict interaction, emotional expression, expressiveness/restraint in conflict, ‘teacher-student’ conflicts
Column: Experimental Research
- Karandashev V.N. Metodika Shvarca dlya izucheniya cennostei
lichnosti: koncepciya i metodicheskoe rukovodstvo. SPb., 2004.
- Lebedeva N.M., Tatarko A.N. Cennosti kul'tury i razvitie
obshestva. M., 2007.
- Macumoto D. Psihologiya i kul'tura. SPb., 2003.
- Triandis G.K. Kul'tura i social'noe povedenie M., 2007.
- Hammer M.R. Con?ict negotiation under crisis conditions // The
language of con?ict resolution/ Editors: Eadie W.F., Nelson P.E. Newbury Park,
- Hammer M.R. Negotiating across the cultural divide: Intercultural
dynamics in crisis incidents // Dynamic processes of crisis negotiation:
Theory, research and practice / Editors: Rogan R.G., Hammer M.R., Van Zandt
C.R. Westport, CT, 1997.
- Hammer M.R. The Intercultural Con?ict Style Inventory: A
conceptual framework and measure of intercultural con?ict resolution approaches
// International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 2005. V. 29. № 6.
- Hammer M.R., Rogan, R.G. Latino and Indochinese interpretive
frames in negotiating con?ict with law enforcement: A focus group study //
International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 2002. V. 26. № 5.
- Matsumoto D. Cultural in?uences on the perception of emotion //
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 1989. V. 20. № 1.
- Matsumoto David, Yoo Seung Hee, Chung Joanne The
Expression of Anger across Cultures // International Handbook of Anger:
Constituent and Concomitant Biological, Psychological, and Social Processes /
Editors: Michael Potegal, Gerhard Stemmler, Charles Spielberger. NY, 2010.
- Ting-Toomey S. Communicating across cultures. N.Y., 1999.
- Triandis H.C., Gelfand M.J. Converging measurements of horizontal
and vertical individualism and collectivis // Journal of Personality and
Social Psychology. 1998. V. 74. № 1.