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  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 10, no. 4)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Voitolovsky's theory of crowd: key ideas 1846

Gorbatov D.S.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of Chair of Management Mass Communications, Faculty of Applied Communications, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia

The article describes the theory of crowd proposed by L.N. Voitolovsky in 1920s and high- lights its major differences from other theories of that time. The specifics of the crowd as a social association, its disposition towards aggressive behaviour, the changes that the individ- ual undergoes within the crowd, emotional aspects of interactions - these are the issues that were of particular interest to the author of the last crowd theory of the Soviet era.

Keywords: crowd, social psychology of crowd, Voitolovsky's theory, quality of crowd, influence on personality, emotions of crowd

Column: Theoretical Research

For Reference

  1. Bekhterev V.M. Kollektivnaia refleksologiia. Pg., 1921.
  2. Voitolovskii L.N. Rol' chuvstva v kollektivnoi psikhologii (opyt psikho-fiziologicheskogo issledovaniia tolpy). Kiev, 1904.
  3. Voitolovskii L. Ocherki kollektivnoi psikhologii. Ch. 1. Psikhologiia mass. M.-L., 1925.
  4. Voitolovskii L. Ocherki kollektivnoi psikhologii. Ch. 2. Psikhologiia obshchestvennykh dvizhenii. M.-L., 1925.
  5. James U. Emotsiia // Psikhologiia. Pg., 1922.
  6. Lange G. Dushevnye dvizheniia. Psikhofiziologicheskii etiud. SPb., 1896.
  7. Lebon G. Psikhologiia narodov i mass. SPb., 1896.
  8. Mikhailovskii N.K. Sochineniia: V 6 t. T. 2. SPb., 1896.
  9. Sigele S. Prestupnaia tolpa. Opyt kollektivnoi psikhologii. SPb., 1893.
  10. Tard G. Prestupleniia tolpy. Kazan, 1893.
  11. Tard G. Obshchestvennoe mnenie i tolpa. M., 1902.
  12. Trotskii L. Politicheskie pis'ma (dve tolpy) // Sochineniia. T. 4. M.-L., 1926.
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