Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 11, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus

Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


"Heroes and Crowd": The Theory of N.K. Mikhaylovsky 5872

Gorbatov D.S.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of Chair of Management Mass Communications, Faculty of Applied Communications, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia

The article describes the theory of "heroes and crowd" proposed by the prominent writer and scientist N.K. Mikhailovsky in the 1880s—1890s. It highlights its principal differences from the foreign theories of that time and focuses on the impact of Mikhailovsky's ideas on Russian researchers. The specifics of the crowd as a social formation, its tendency to imitate, social and psychological conditions of the crowd formation, the effects of the crowd on an individual, hyp-notic communication between leaders and subordinates — all these were among the issues that were of much interest to the author of the very first social psychological theory of crowd.

Keywords: crowd, theories of crowd, tendency to imitate, effect of the crowd on individ¬uals, social and psychological conditions of crowd formation

Column: Theoretical Research

For Reference

  1. Bezsonov D.D. Massovye prestupleniya v obshem i voenno-ugolovnom prave. Dis­sertaciya. SPb., 1907.
  2. Belinskaya E.P. Koncepciya "geroev i tolpy" N.K. Mihailovskogo i "psihologiya mass" G. Lebona: pereklichka idei // Sovremennaya social'naya psihologiya: teoreticheskie pod­hody i prikladnye issledovaniya. 2010. № 3.
  3. Belinskaya E.P. U istokov social'noi psihologii: sravnitel'nyi analiz "psihologii mass"
  4. G. Lebona i koncepcii "geroev itolpy" N.K. Mihailovskogo // Vestnik Moskovskogo uni­versiteta. Seriya 14. Psihologiya. 2012. № 1.
  5. Behterev V.M. Kollektivnaya refleksologiya. Pg., 1921.
  6. Voitolovskii L. Ocherki kollektivnoi psihologii. Ch. 1. Psihologiya mass. M.-L., 1925.
  7. Voitolovskii L. Ocherki kollektivnoi psihologii. Ch. 2. Psihologiya obshestvennyh dvizhenii. M.-L., 1925.
  8. Golovin N.N. Issledovanie boya. Issledovanie deyatel'nosti i svoistv cheloveka kak boica. SPb., 1907.
  9. Gorbatov D.S. Teoriya tolpy L.N. Voitolovskogo: klyuchevye idei // Social'naya psi­hologiya i obshestvo. 2014. № 2.
  10. Kandinskii V. Obsheponyatnye psihologicheskie etyudy. M., 1881.
  11. Karleil' T. Geroi i geroicheskoe v istorii. SPb., 1891.
  12. Lebon G. Psihologiya narodov i mass. SPb., 1896.
  13. Mihailovskii N.K. Sochineniya: v 6 t. SPb., 1896. T. 2.
  14. Rezanov A.S. Armiya i tolpa. Opyt voennoi psihologii. Varshava, 1910.
  15. Sigele S. Prestupnaya tolpa. Opyt kollektivnoi psihologii. SPb., 1893.
  16. Sluchevskii V.K. Tolpa i ee psihologiya // Knizhki nedeli. 1893. № 4.
  17. Tard Zh. Zakony podrazhaniya. SPb., 1892.
  18. Tard G. Obshestvennoe mnenie i tolpa. M.,1902.
  19. Tard G. Prestupleniya tolpy. Kazan', 1893.
  20. Tolstoi L.N. Voina i mir // Sobr. soch. v 22-h t. M., 1980. T. 6.



© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????