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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Manifestations of the “3 year old child´s crisis” in relation to characteristics of the parent-child interaction 3062

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Ulanova Y.Y.
Educational psychologist of the highest category, «Center of psychological, educational, medical and social care» of Vsevolozhsk district of the Leningrad region
e-mail: yuliya_ulanova@list.ru

Vasilenko V.E.
PhD in Psychology, Associate professor of the Developmental and Differential Psychology Chair, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: v.vasilenko@spbu.ru

Abstract
This article is devoted to analysis of the predictors of the “3 years old childґs crisis” in the field of parent-child interaction (parenting styles, peculiarities of emotional interaction mothers with children, characteristics of family adaptation and cohe- sion). The study involved 117 children (65 boys and 52 girls) and 117 their mothers from Vsevolozhsk district of the Leningrad region. The age of children — from 2 years 1 month to 3 years 11 month, Mage = 3 years. We used psychodiagnostic methods and the method of observation. The study revealed that the period from 2 years 1 month to 2 years 9 months is characterized by signs of subcritical phase, critical phase was observed after 2 years 10 months. “3 year old childґs crisis” is more pronounced at lower emotional acceptance of the child, maternal educational uncertainty, underdevelop- ment of parental feelings, indulgence overprotection, immaturity of maternal emotion- al behavior in actual interaction of mothers with children. At the same time the crisis manifestations can be expressed in the case of well-being in family functioning and emotional interaction (family cohesion, the sensitivity of the mother to child), which confirms the normativity of the “3 years old childґs crisis”.

Keywords: “3 year old child´s crisis”, manifestations and symptoms of the “3 year old child´s crisis”, parent-child interaction, parenting styles, emotional interaction mothers with children, family cohesion

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2016070405

For Reference

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