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The psychosocial development of High-Status, Average Status and Low-Status Servicemen for a Fixed Period 797
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of social pedagogy and psychology, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia
senior lecturer of the Department of social pedagogy and psychology, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia
The article presents the results and their interpretation analysis of a research of interrelationship between status-role position of the individual in the informal intergruppo structure of closed communities and the peculiarities of his psychosocial development (as an example, army units, brought up by servicemen for a fixed period). The study was elaborated and implemented on the basis of the theory of psychosocial development. The empirical base of the study consists of high secret army units, i.e. real closed communities. In total 13 such kind of groups took part in the research. The integral status of group members in the structure of interpersonal relations was calculated in each of them, according to the results of sociometry, referencemetrical procedures and methodical technique of identifying the informal intergruppo structure of power in a contact community, being used the algorithm by Kondratiev M.Y. The peculiarities of psychosocial identity of the subjects were revealed simultaneously with using the technique of “differential of psychosocial development”. On the bases of the obtained data analysis it was shown that the level of psychosocial development of higher status members in closed communities is essentially lower than of average status and low-status ones. The detailed explanatory scheme of this phenomenology was presented, being used psychosocial development theory as the basic interpretive key.
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