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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

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Adapting a psychological instrument on the “hard-to-survey” population: the case of poor people in Russia 479

Poluektova O.V.
PhD Student, Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences, Jacobs University, Bremen, Germany
e-mail: opoluektova@bigsss-bremen.de

Efremova M.V.
PhD in Psychology, Leading Research Fellow, Center for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5327-1451
e-mail: mefremova@hse.ru

Abstract
This paper addresses the issue of adapting the instrument on a “hard-to-survey” sample (poor people). The adaptation consisted of three stages: (1) the translation of scales that have not been previously adapted on a Russian sample, (2) cognitive interviews with people living in poverty, (3) adjusting the questionnaire based on the results of cognitive interviews. We used translation — back translation, as well as committee approach, to translate the scales. Cognitive interviews were conducted using a concurrent probing approach with both scripted and spontaneous probes. In the conclusion, we present the results of reliability analysis and equivalence of measures across the poor (N=162) and non-poor (N=188) samples. Finally, we formulate recommendations for researchers dealing with “hard-to-survey” samples among the poor.

Keywords: poverty, “hard-to-survey” samples, adaptation, translation — back translation, committee approach, cognitive interviews

Column: Methodological Tools

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2018090212

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