Previous issue (2020. Vol. 11, no. 1)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Implicit association Self-concept test in studying of violence-related cognitions 694
Doctor of Psychology, The Head of the Department Psychology, Professor, Baltic Psychology and Management University College, the Director of Professional Master Study Programme "Psychology", Riga, Latvia., Baltic international Academy, Riga, Latvia
Mg.psych., Researcher, Department of Psychology, Baltic International Academy, Riga, Latvia
Dr.sc.ing., Associated professor, Department of Psychology, Baltic International Academy, Riga, Latvia
The aim of research: to investigate violence-related cognitions with Self-Concept implicit association test (IAT) and self-reported procedures for sentenced and not sentenced males. The research questions: Is there correspondence between the results of measuring implicit associations related to criminal violence using Self-Concept IAT and self-reported criminal attitudes towards violence among sentenced and not sentenced males? Is there a relationship between implicit associations of self with criminal violence measured by Self-Concept IAT and personality traits: psychoticism, neuroticism, extraversion? Is there a relationship between self-reported attitudes towards criminal violence and these personality traits? Participants: 141 males. Groups: “Sentenced” — 77 prisoners, 20—62 years (Mdn = 34) undergoing sentence in high security prisons; “Not sentenced” — 64 previously not sentenced, 18—62 years (Mdn = 32). Violence Self-Concept IAT was specially designed. Self-reported procedures to measure criminal attitudes and personality traits were used. The correspondence between the results of implicit and explicit measurements was found under certain experimental conditions. The relationships between the personal traits and attitudes towards criminal violence measured by self-report procedures and IAT were revealed.
The problem of studying the mechanisms of formation and
change of social attitudes of different social groups of the society is actual.
For example, attitudes towards violence.
APA Dictionary of Psychology. Washington, DC:
American Psychological Association, 2015.
Blumenthal S., Gray N.S., Shuker R., Wood H., Fonagy
P., Allonby M., Takala T., Snowden R. (In press). Implicit measurement of
violence-related cognitions // Psychology of Violence.
Bowes N., McMurran M. Cognitions supportive of
violence and violent behavior // Aggression and Violent Behavior. 2013. Vol.
18, pp. 660—665.
Eysenck H.J. Crime and personality. (3rd ed.).
London: Routledge & Kegan Press, 1977.
Fazio R.H., Olson M.A. Implicit measures in social
cognition research: Their meaning and use. // Annual Review of Psychology.
2003. Vol. 54, pp. 297—327.
Francis L.J., Brown L.B., Philipchalk R. (1992).
The development of an abbreviated form of the Revised Eysenck Personality
Questionnaire (EPQR-A): Its use among students in England, Canada, the USA and
Australia // Personality and Individual Differences. 1992. Vol. 13, pp.
Greenwald A.G., Farnham S.D. Using the Implicit
Association Test to measure self-esteem and self-concept // Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology. 2000. Vol. 79 (6), pp. 1022—1038.
Moors A., Spruyt A., De Houwer J. In search of a
measure that qualifies as Implicit: Recommendations based on a decompositional
view of automaticity // Handbook of implicit social cognitions / B. Gawronski
& B.K. Payne (Eds.), London: The Guildford Press, 2010. Pp. 522— 534.
Niazi A.M. Effect of music tempo in first-person
shooter on arousal and aggression. The Netherlands: Figshare, 2011.
Olson M.A., Fazio R.H. Reducing the influence of
extra-personal associations on the implicit association test: Personalizing the
IAT // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2004. Vol. 86, pp.
Polaschek D.L.L., Collie R.M., Walkey F.H. Criminal
attitudes to violence: Development and preliminary validation of a scale for
male prisoners // Aggressive Behavior. 2004. Vol. 30 (6), pp. 484—503.
Polaschek D.L.L., Calvert S.W., Gannon T.A. Linking
violent thinking implicit theory-based research with violent offenders //
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2009. Vol. 24, pp. 75—96.
Polaschek D.L.L., Bell R.K., Calvert S.W., Takarangi
M.K.T. Cognitive-behavioural rehabilitation of high-risk violent offenders:
investigating treatment change with explicit and implicit measures of cognition
// Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2010. Vol. 24 (3), pp. 437—449.
Qiu C., Zhao L., Liu X., Yu Y., Meng Y., Wu J., … Ma
X. Role of psychosocial factors and serotonin transporter genotype in male
adolescent criminal activity // Asia-Pacific Psychiatry. 2014. Vol. 6, pp.
Richetin J., Richardson D.S., Mason, G.D.
Predictive validity of IAT aggressiveness in the context of provocation //
Social Psychology. 2010. Vol. 41(1), pp. 27—34.
Riedel M., Welsh W. Criminal violence. Patterns,
causes and prevention. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Roche K.M., Ensminger M.E., Ialongo N., Poduska J.M.,
Kellam S.G. Early entry into adult roles: Associations with aggressive
behavior from early adolescence into young adulthood // Youth & Society.
2006. Vol. 38, pp. 236—261.
Snowden R.J., MacCulloch M.J., Smith J., Morris M.,
Gray N.S. Implicit affective associations to violence in psychopathic
murderers // Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 2004. Vol. 15, pp.
Snowden R.J., Gray N.S. Implicit social cognition
in forensic settings. // Handbook of implicit social cognitions. / B.
Gawronski, B.K. Payne (Eds.). London: The Guildford Press, 2010. Pp. 522—
Teachman B.A., Woody S.R. Automatic processing in
spider phobia: Implicit fear associations over the course of treatment //
Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2003. Vol. 112, pp. 100—109.