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Research instrumentation for studying levels and components of intra-group attraction in work groups attraction in work groups 468
Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Psychology of Management and Juridical Psychology, Academy of Psychology and Pedagogics, Southern Federal University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology of Management and Legal Psychology, Southern Federal University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia
The existing approaches to understanding the attraction and methods of its study are indicated. There are three levels of attraction in a small group — interpersonal, microgroup and group attraction, each of which includes three components — subjective, communicative and activity-oriented. In accordance with this idea a questionnaire of interpersonal attraction and a questionnaire of group and micro-group attraction were developed. Each of the questionnaires includes three subscales for measuring the relevant components of the attraction. To assess the validity and reliability of the questionnaires, a survey was conducted in 18 small production groups — primary structural divisions in organizations and in small companies. The total number of respondents was 200 employees. For each questionnaire factor analysis was performed and the internal consistency of the subscales was assessed. It is shown that the questionnaires have validity and reliability. It is proved expedient to separate three subscales in each questionnaire. The main conclusions are drawn and the possibilities of using the developed tools for research and practical purposes are highlighted.
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