Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 11, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus

Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Creation of the questionnaire “Social intervention and control (SIC)” for researching static components of totalitarianism in religious groups 418

Yolkin V.
Mag.psych., Deputy Assistant, European Parliament, Riga, Latvia

The article covers the procedure of elaborating the questionnaire “Social intervention and control in a religious group” (SIC) and its adaptation. The questionnaire was created as one of two methods for revealing totalitarian inclinations in various religious communities. Earlier, we had established that there are five static and one dynamic components characterising the totalitarianism in religious groups. The SIC questionnaire is aiming to reveal the static components. When elaborating the questionnaire, the specific features characterising each of the components have been found, based on an analysis of available sources of information. Those features have been generalized and organized into working scales. Furthermore, procedures for improving validity and reliability of the method have been conducted — expert evaluations, the pilot study and the main study, and re-testing. Currently, the method allows to estimate the degree of expression of the static components of totalitarianism in religious groups.

Keywords: totalitarian religious group, totalitarian cult, destructive cult

Column: Methodological Tools


For Reference

  1. Aronson E., Pratkanis E., Epokha propagandy: Mekhanizmy ubezhdeniya, povsednevnoe ispol’zovanie i zloupotreblenie [Age of propaganda: The everyday use and abuse of persuasion]. Saint-Petersburg: Praym-EVROZNAK, 2003. 384 p. (In Russ.)
  2. Aslanyan V.Yu. Psikhologicheskoe vozdeistvie sluzhitelei destruktivnykh religoznykh kul’tov kak predmet professional’noi otsenki ekspertami-psikhologami. Avtoref. diss. kand. psikhol. nauk [Psychological impact of destructive religious cults servants as a matter of professional valuation experts psychologists. Ph. D. (Psychology) Thesis]. Moscow, 2009. 25 p.
  3. Barker A. Novye religioznye dvizheniya [New Religious Movements]. Saint- Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo russkogo khristianskogo gumanitarnogo instituta, 1997. 193 p. (In Russ.)
  4. Volkov E.N. Prestupnyi vyzov praktcheskoi psikhologii: fenomen destruktivnykh kul’tov i kontrolya sozaniya (vvedenie v problemu) [The criminal challenge of practical psychology: the phenomenon of destructive cults and consciousness control (introduction to the problem)]. Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa [Journal of Practical Psychology], 1996, no. 2, pp. 87—93.
  5. Dvorkin A.L. Sektovedenie [Sectology]. Nizhny Novgorod: Khristianskaya biblioteka, 2012. 816 p.
  6. Elkins V.F. Totalitarizm v religioznykh gruppakh: sotsial’no-psikhologicheskii aspekt [Totalitarianism in Religious Groups: Socio-Psychological Aspect]. Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya [World of Science, Culture, Education], 2014, no. 6, pp. 245—248.
  7. Ivanenko S.I. Svideteli Iegovy — traditsionnaya dlya Rossii religioznaya organizatsiya [Jehovah’s Witnesses are a traditional religious organization for Russia]. Moscow: Art- Biznes-Tsentr, 2002. 208 p.
  8. Kanterov I.Ya. Novye religioznye dvizheniya v Rossii (religiovedcheskii analiz) [New Religious Movements in Russia (Religious Analysis)]. Moscow: MGU im. M.V. Lomonosova, 2006. 472 p.
  9. Lifton R. Tekhnologiya “promyvki mozgov”: psikhologiya totalitarizma [Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism]. Saint-Petersburg: Praym-EVROZNAK, 2005. 576 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Mitina O.V. Razrabotka i adaptatsiya psikhologichskikh oprosnikov [Development and adaptation of psychological questionnaires]. Moscow: Smysl, 2011. 240 p.
  11. Nasledov A.D. SPSS. Kop’yuternyi analiz dannykh v psikhologii i sotsial’nykh naukakh [SPSS. Computer analysis of data in psychology and social sciences]. Saint- Petersburg: PITER, 2007. 416 p.
  12. Khassen S. Osvobozhdenie ot psikhologicheskogo nasiliya [Exemption from psychological violence]. Saint-Petersburg: Praym-EVROZNAK, 2001. 440 p. (In Russ.)
  13. Chaldini R. Psikhologiya vliyaniya [Psychology of influence]. 4 mezhd. izdanie [4 international edition]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2006. 286 p. (In Russ.)
  14. Biderman’s Chart of Coercion in Amnesty International report on Torture. London, Gerald Duckworth & Co., 1975, p. 53.
  15. Bonewits, I., The Advanced Bonewits’ Cult Danger Evaluation Frame [Elektronnyi resurs]. Aviable at: (Accessed: 27.06.2014).
  16. Chambers, W.V. Ph.D.; Langone, M.D. Ph.D.; Malinoski, P.M. The Group Psychological Abuse Scale. Presented to Division 36 (Psychology of Religion), American Psychological Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada August, 12, 1996.
  17. Nishida K. Development of the study of mind-control in Japan. Cultic Studies Review, 2005. Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 4—16.
  18. Singer M.T., Lalich J. Cults in our midst. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1997. 426 p.
  19. West L.J., Langone M.D. Cultism: A conference for scholars and policy makers. Cultic Studies Journal, 1986, no. 3., pp. 117—134.
  20. Yeakley F.R. Church Growth Research Concerning the Discipling Movement Among Churches of Christ. In F.R. Yeakley (ed.). Discipling Dilemma: A Study of the Discipling Movement Among Churches of Christ. Nashville, TN: Gospel Advocate Press, 1988, pp. 1—86.

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????