Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Social Psychology and Society - №1 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Scopus
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 12, no. 4)

Included in Scopus

Included in Scopus

Journal Quartiles 2021
SJR: Q3
Details on scimagojr.com/

Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2010

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Usage of professional photos for self-presentation in social media as an indicator of personal perfectionism 482

|

Pidbutska N.V.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Social System Management, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
e-mail: podbutskaya_nina@ukr.net

Knysh A.Y.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Social System Management, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
e-mail: n_knysh@ukr.net

Bogdan Zh.B.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Social System Management, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
e-mail: janna.bogdan1979@gmail.com

Abstract
The article presents the results of the study of personal characteristics of people who use professional photos for self-presentation in social media. Particular attention is paid to the study of the respondent’s inclination to perfectionism as a personal characteristic. Perfectionism is considered in the study as a trait that has destructive and adaptive forms, expressed in high personal standards, experiencing the disparity between the real and the ideal “I”, a high level of organization. The study involved 100 respondents, aged 22 to 39 years, using professional photographs for self-presentation in social media. The respondents were divided into two groups. The first group consisted of people who use exclusively professional photos for self-presentation in social media. The second group included people, in whose personal profiles professional images make up no more than 15% of the total. To study the personal characteristics of the respondents the perfectionist self-presentation scale (A. Zolotareva adaptation), the narcissistic personality traits questionnaire (O. Shamshikova, N. Klepikova adaptation), the interpersonal personality diagnosis test by T. Leary, the Big Five personality questionnaire by R. McCrae, P. Costa (A. Khromov adaptation), the Dark Triad short questionnaire were used (M. Egorova, M. Sitnikova, O. Parshikova adaptation). The study showed that people using professional photos for self-presentation in social media are characterized by an increased level of perfectionist self-presentation, authoritarianism, aggression, suspicion, subordination, extraversion, control, narcissism, machiavellianism, psychopathy. As a result of factor analysis, six personal factors of perfectionism were identified, which were named: “Lies for Admiration”, “Polarity in Interpersonal Interaction”, “Rigid Demonstration of Superiority”, “Need for Attention”, “Narcissism”, “Submission for Acceptance”. It is shown that the perfectionism of the respondents is associated only with those narcissistic characteristics that describe the inability to objectively perceive themselves and build constructive relationships with other people.

Keywords: perfectionism, self-presentation, social media

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2019100408

Funding. This work was supported by National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”.

For Reference

References

 

  1. Andreeva G.M. Psikhologiya sotsial’nogo poznaniya: Ucheb. posobie [Psychology of social cognition]. Moscow: Aspekt Press Publ., 2005. 303 p.
  2. Yasnaya V.A. et al. Aprobatsiya metodiki izmereniya perfektsionizma R. Sleini «Pochti sovershennaya shkala» [The approbation of methods of measurement of perfectionism R. Slaney «Almost perfect scale»]. Teoreticheskaya i eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Theoretical and experimental psychology], 2011. Vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 30—45.
  3. Asmolov A.G., Asmolov G.A. Ot My-media k Ya-media: transformatsii identichnosti v virtual’nom mire [From We-media to I-media: identity transformations in the virtual world]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya [Bulletin of Moscow University. Episode 14. Psychology], 2010, no. 1, pp. 3—21.
  4. Voiskunskii A.E. Sotsial’naya pertseptsiya v sotsial’nykh setyakh [Social perception in social networks]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya [Bulletin of Moscow University. Episode 14. Psychology], 2014, no. 2, pp. 90—104.
  5. Voiskunskii A.E., Evdokimenko A.S., Fedunina N.Yu. Al’ternativnaya identichnost’ v sotsial’nykh setyakh [Alternative identity in social networks]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya [Bulletin of Moscow University. Episode 14. Psychology], 2013, no. 1, pp. 66—83.
  6. Garanyan N.G. Psikhologicheskie modeli perfektsionizma [Psychological models of perfectionism]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 2009, no. 5, pp. 74—83.
  7. Garanyan N.G., Kholmogorova A.B., Yudeeva T.Yu. Perfektsionizm, depressiya i trevoga [Perfectionism, depression and anxiety]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling psychology and psychotherapy], 2001, no. 4, pp. 18—48.
  8. Gogerchak S.Yu., Mogilevskaya G.I. Fenomen perfektsionizma kak mezhdistsiplinarnaya problema [The phenomenon of perfectionism as an interdisciplinary problem]. European Social Science Journal, 2014. Vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 268—272.
  9. Egorova M.S., Sitnikova M.A., Parshikova O.V. Adaptatsiya Korotkogo oprosnika Temnoi triady [Adaptation Of the short questionnaire of the Dark triad]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological research], 2015. Vol. 8, no. 43, pp. 1—7.
  10. Zolotareva A.A. Adaptatsiya metodiki «Shkala perfektsionistskoi samoprezentatsii» P. Kh’yuitta [Adaptation of the method «Scale of perfectionist self-presentation» by P. Hewitt]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological journal], 2011. Vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 62—69.
  11. Ignatova M.P. Selfie: element povsednevnoi kul’tury sovremennogo obshchestva ili produkt nartsissizma? [Selfie: an element of everyday culture of modern society or a product of narcissism?]. «Internet i sovremennoe obshchestvo» (IMS—2015): sb. tr. XVII ob”edinennoi konferentsii (Sankt-Peterburg, 22—25 iyunya 2015) [Proceedings of the XVII Joint conference «Internet and modern society» (IMS—2015)]. Sankt— Peterburg: Universitet ITMO Publ., 2015, pp. 60—61.
  12. Kokhut Kh. Analiz samosti: Sistematicheskii podkhod k lecheniyu nartsissicheskikh narushenii lichnosti [Self-analysis: a Systematic approach to the treatment of narcissistic personality disorders]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr Publ., 2003. 308 p.
  13. Pogontseva D.V. Samoprezentatsiya v kiberprostranstve [Self—presentation in cyberspace]. Filosofskie problemy informatsionnykh tekhnologii i kiberprostranstva [Philosophical problems of information technologies and cyberspace], 2012, no. 1, pp. 66—72.
  14. Rabochaya kniga prakticheskogo psikhologa: Posobie dlya spetsialistov, rabotayushchikh s personalom [Workbook is a practical psychologist: a Guide for professionals working with staff]. Bodalev A.A., Derkach A.A., Laptev L.G. (eds.). Moscow: Publ. Institut Psikhoterapii, 2001. 640 p.
  15. Khorni K. Nevroticheskaya lichnost’ nashego vremeni [The neurotic personality of our time]. Moscow: Progress Publ., 1993. 220 p.
  16. Khromov A.B. Pyatifaktornyi oprosnik lichnosti: Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [Five-factor personality questionnaire: training manual]. Kurgan: Kurganskogo gos. universiteta Publ., 2000. 23 p.
  17. Shamshikova O.A., Klepikova N.M. Oprosnik «Nartsissicheskie cherty lichnosti» [Questionnaire «Narcissistic personality traits»]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological journal], 2010. Vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 114—128.
  18. Yasnaya V.A., Enikolopov S.N. Sovremennye modeli perfektsionizma [Elektronnyi resurs] [Modern models of perfectionism]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological research], 2013. Vol. 6, no. 29. pp. 1—18. URL: http://psystudy.ru (Accessed 10.08.2018).
  19. A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture on Social Network Sites. In Papacharissi Z. (ed.). New York; London: Routledge, 2011. 328 p.
  20. Barbosa M.V., Serés Seuma T., Merola J.S. From the family portrait to the profile picture. Uses of photography in the Facebook social network [Electronic resource]. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, 2018. Vol. 73, pp. 718—729. URL: http://www.revistalatinacs. org/073paper/1278/37en.html (Accessed 31.07.2018). doi:10.4185/RLCS-2018-1278en
  21. Collins R., Greenwood K. Photocommunication Across Media. New York: Routledge, 2017. 228 p.
  22. Cox B.J., Enns M.W., Clara I.P. The multidimensional structure of perfectionism in clinically distressed and college student samples. Psychological Assessment, 2002. Vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 365—373.
  23. Frost R.O., Marten P., Lahart C., Rosenblate R. The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1990. Vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 449—468. doi:10.1007/ BF01172967
  24. Gilman R., Adams R., Nounopoulos A. The interpersonal relationships and social perceptions of adolescent perfectionists. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2011. Vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 505—511. doi:10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00689.x
  25. Lesage F. Searching, Sorting, and Managing Glut: Media Software Inscription Strategies for ‘Being Creative. In Stephanie Taylor, Susan Luckman (eds.) The New Normal of Working Lives: Critical Studies in Contemporary Work and Employment. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, pp. 109—126. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-66038-7_6
  26. Barry Christopher T., Doucette Hannah, Loflin Della C., Rivera-Hudson Nicole, Herrington Lacey L. Let me take a selfie: Associations between self-photography, narcissism, and self-esteem. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 2017. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 48—60.
  27. McCreary B.T., Joiner T.E., Schmidt N.B., Ialongo N.S. The structure and correlates of perfectionism in African American children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2004. Vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 313—324. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp3302_13
  28. Rice K.G., Stuart J. Differentiating adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism on the MMPI—2 and MIPS Revised. Journal of Personality Assessment, 2010. Vol. 92, pp. 158— 167. doi:10.1080/00223890903510407
  29. Sedikides C., Luke M. On when self-enhancement and self-criticism function adaptively and maladaptively. In E.C. Chang (ed.) Self-criticism and self-enhancement: Theory, research, and clinical implications. Washington DC, 2007. pp. 181—198.
  30. Rice K.G. et al. Self-critical perfectionism, acculturative stress, and depression among international students. The Counseling Psychologist, 2012. Vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 575—600.
  31. Serafinelli E. Analysis of Photo Sharing and Visual Social Relationships: Instagram as a case study. Photographies, 2017. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 91—111. doi: 10.1080/17540763.2016.1258657
  32. Sherry S.B., Mackinnon S.P., Macneil M.A., Fitzpatrick S. Discrepancies confer vulnerability to depressive symptoms: A three-wave longitudinal study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2012. Vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 112—126.
  33. Siibak A. Constructing the Self through the Photo selection — Visual Impression Management on Social Networking Websites [Electronic resource]. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 2009. Vol. 3, no 1, art. 1. URL: https:// cyberpsychology.eu/article/view/4218/3260 (Accessed 04.09.2018).
  34. Sorotzkin B. The quest for perfection: Avoiding guilt or avoiding shame? Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 1985. Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 564—571. doi:10.1037/h0085541
  35. Stoeber J. How other-oriented perfectionism differs from self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism: Further findings. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 2015. Vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 611—623.
  36. Hewitt P.L. et al. The interpersonal expression of perfection: Perfectionistic self-presentation and psychological distress [Electronic resource]. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003. Vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 1303—1325. Available at: https://hewittlab. psych.ubc.ca/files/2014/11/2003-Hewitt-et-al.-The-interpersonal-expression-of-perfection-perfectionistic-self-presentation-and-psychological-distress.pdf (Accessed 29.08.2018). doi:10.1037/0022—3514.84.6.1303
  37. Slaney R.B. et al. The revised Almost Perfect Scale. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2001. Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 130—145.
  38. Tifentale A., Manovich L. Competitive Photography and the Presentation of the Self. In Eckel J., Ruchatz J., Wirth S. (eds.) Exploring the Selfie: Historical, Analytical, and Theoretical Approaches to Digital Self-Photography. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, pp. 167—187.
  39. Zhao Sh., Grasmuck S., Martin J. Identity construction on Facebook: Digital empowerment in anchored relationships. Computers in Human Behavior, 2008. Vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 1816—1836. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????