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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Open Access Journal

 

The Dynamics of the Subject in Sociological and Psychological Studies of the Family and Parenthood in Changing Sociocultural Context 112

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Golzitskaya A.A.
Junior Scientific Researcher, Laboratory of Psychotherapy and Counseling Psychology, The Federal State Budget Scientific Institution “Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education”, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7509-9813
e-mail: a_golzi@mail.ru

Kiselnikova N.V.
PhD in Psychology, Deputy Director, Head of Laboratory of Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, FBSSI «Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education», Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0710-4972
e-mail: nv_psy@mail.ru

Kuminskaya E.A.
Researcher, Laboratory of Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5650-1096
e-mail: evgenia.kuminskaya@gmail.com

Lavrova E.V.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher of the Laboratory of Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7144-4704
e-mail: may_day@list.ru

Karpinskii K.V.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, Grodno, Belarus
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1820-4007
e-mail: karpkostia@tut.by

Greskova P.A.
Student of the Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5490-780X
e-mail: polina.greskova@gmail.com

Abstract
Objectives. To reveal how the subject in sociological and psychological studies of the family and parenthood change depending on sociocultural context. Background. According to social constructivism, all ideas are not determined by the biological foundations of human interaction, but are products of social and cultural construction. That is why the concepts of partnership and family relations in recent decades have been seriously revised. We can see the evolution of approaches in formulation of hypotheses and interpretation of results in studies of partnerships and family relations, attitudes toward parenthood, expected family size, etc. As we show in the article, currently prevailing social ideas about the conditional norm of gender behavior and relationships influence these formulations. Understanding this influence is very important for critical reflection of the relationship between social processes and the focus of research. This reflection acts as a tool to increase the validity of the results and their interpretation, especially in studies carried out in line with the qualitative and mixed methodology. Methodology. The paper includes a substantive (thematic) and quantitative analysis of the subject of sociological and psychological research, as well as a comparative analysis of the dynamics of the subject and sociocultural context in different periods of research. Conclusions. The article shows that objective social processes are reflected in the predominance of certain research topics and theoretical frameworks in interpretation of the obtained data. Reflection of the social context of research is a necessary procedure to increase the validity of the results and allows to create a basis for building prognostic models.

Keywords: family and partnerships, social representations, gender roles, desired family size, large families

Column: Theoretical Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2020110301

For Reference

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFBR, project № 18-513-00022 Bel_а, BRFFR, project № G18Р-307

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