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The Problem of Bullying in Educational Organizations through the Look of Children and Teachers 154
The article presents the results of research among students and teachers to study the ideas about bulling and the specifics of its manifestations in educational organizations of the Republic of Bashkortostan. 20,480 students were examined. For this, we used a questionnaire developed by E.V. Novikova, an Educational Psychologist at Gymnasium No. 91, and I.R. Khokh, a Medical Psychologist of Clinical Psychotherapeutic Center of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Bashkortostan. In parallel with the survey of children, a survey among teachers of the republic was also conducted. The survey involved 3219 teachers of educational institutions of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The researxh was aimed at as key questions as: how employees of general education organizations recognize, respond, and describe bullying; how do they explain its causes and consequences; what measures and measures are taken to prevent bullying in the school environment. The questionary was based on the methods developed by Russian scientists A.A. Bochaver, A.V. Zhilinskaya, and K.D. Khlomov from the Center “Perekrestok” of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education.
Keywords: bullying, aggression, safe environment, psychological climate, aggressor, victim