Actual Problems of Training Specialists in the Field of Deviant Behavior Prevention in Educational Institutions 276
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Associate Professor, Chair of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
The article considers the challenges faced by psychologists of educational institutions as subjects of the prevention of juvenile delinquency, primarily the very understanding of prevention as a psychologist’s activity; it reveals why the everyday idea of psychoprophylaxis does not work in modern conditions and a comprehensive, even systemic understanding of this activity is required. It is necessary to consider several levels of support for this activity, from environmental to methodological support for the activities of the psychologist himself and the development resources of his personality. The activity system schema of I. Engestrim (Yrjö Engeström) is used to create such a model of a specialist (psychologist engaged in psychoprophylaxis) who could really carry out preventive activities at a high level. All elements of this model are described in detail: an object (goal), rules, division of labor, community, tools and subject. Based on this, the basic competencies of the psychologist of the system for the prevention of deviant behavior of adolescents are determined.
Keywords: prevention, psychological prevention, psychoprophylaxis program, deviant behavior, difficult and legally relevant life situations, children, teenager, adolescents, psychologist activity, interdepartmental cooperation, educational institutions
Column: Professional Training of Specialists to Work with Different Categories of Children
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