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Psychological and Pedagogical Program Aimed at the Correction of Aggressive Forms of Behavior and the Formation of Skills for Effective Interaction with the Outside World in Children 5–7 years old “Warmth and Light of Hearts” 69
The psychological and pedagogical program belongs to the direction of psychological correction of behavior and developmental disorders of students. In this particular version, the program is aimed at correcting aggressive forms of behavior and the formation of skills for effective interaction with the outside world in children 5–7 years old. The program “Warmth and Light of Hearts” is designed for the age category of senior preschool children with a period of implementation of 6–6.5 months. This program is intended for preschoolers with both normal physical and intellectual development, and with the peculiarities of psychophysical development. In addition, the program can be used to work with aggressive children, both from well-off and disadvantaged families and families in difficult life situations. The relevance and timeliness of the program lies in a purposefully developed and positively regulated mechanism for responding and correcting aggressive, destructive behavior in pre-school children, taking into account their individual characteristics and social developmental situation. The period of preschool childhood is the most favorable for the formation of the necessary mental functions and socially significant personality traits. In preschool age, the prerequisites for the formation and formation of a personality are laid, therefore, it will be especially important and timely to help children whose aggressiveness is at an early stage, i.e. in preschool age. Correctional work will be most effective if it is carried out simultaneously with consulting and training work with the family. The originality and effectiveness of the program lies in the fact that it includes not only correctional and developmental classes with children, but also child-parenting classes, training seminars for parents aimed at harmonizing child-parent relations, which plays an important role in correcting children’s aggressiveness. The main emphasis in the program is placed on the formation of social skills and competencies in children. In the classroom, preschoolers are given the opportunity “Here and Now” to try to overcome the vital problems for them, as well as to master effective ways of solving them.
Keywords: correction of aggressive forms of behavior, formation of social skills in children, senior preschool age, development of the emotional-volitional sphere, correctional and developmental program