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Correctional and Developmental Program «We Play and Learn» for the Development of Cognitive Processes in Children of Older Preschool Age in the Period of Preparation for School 54
The program is correctional and developmental, aimed at the development of cognitive processes in children of senior preschool age 5.5–7 years old, including those with disabilities, during the period of preparation for school. It is designed to ensure the successful mastering of the prerequisites of educational activity through the development of cognitive processes, curiosity, the formation of cognitive interests and actions, as well as the skills of communicative activity in a group of peers. The program is focused on creating a unified educational environment, where active participants in the educational and educational environment are not only children, but also teachers and parents. The formation and development of cognitive interest requires the creation of favorable psychological and pedagogical conditions, and the search for effective means that will not only develop the child’s mental processes and creative abilities, but also strengthen his faith in his own strengths and capabilities, develop self-esteem, which, in his the queue can become a resource for successful adaptation to school. The skill of the teacher at this stage should be manifested in the ability to choose suitable play tools and methods for solving cognitive tasks and tasks in such a way that preparing for school becomes not a routine activity, but a useful and exciting game.
Keywords: children of senior preschool age, children with disabilities, correctional and developmental classes for children, children’s play, preparation for school, correctional and developmental psychological and pedagogical program