Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology - №2 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

Previous issue (2022. Vol. 12, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology

Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education

Publisher: Saint Petersburg University

ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607

ISSN (online): 2658-6010

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16

Published since 2011

4 issues per year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The Role of Theory of Mind in the Development of Humor Understanding by Children 4–6 Years Old 12

|

Ulanova A.Y.
Junior Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: rachugina@gmail.com

Abstract
The article presents the results of a study on the relationship between understanding humor and theory of mind — a system of mental representations concerning mental phenomena (knowledge, emotions, intentions, etc.) that develops throughout life and is especially intense in childhood. The basis of the work is the assumption that theory of mind is a mental foundation that allows you to separate your own and other people's mental experience, and explain the cognitive mechanisms of humor. The participants were 40 children of two age groups (4 and 6 years old). Data was obtained on various aspects of understanding the mental world and intellectual development. Methodological tasks were also developed to evaluate the emotional and cognitive components of humor. For this purpose children's jokes were used containing an interaction of heores. The results illustrated age dynamics in the development of theory of mind and an understanding of humor (more pronounced in the case of the emotional component). Jokes were fairly difficult for children 4–6 years old according to the results, which indicated that the level of emotional understanding was below cognitive. Correlation analysis showed a connection between the general indicator of understanding of mental states and humor, while a closer relationship was found with the cognitive component of understanding. In general, the results support the idea of cognitive mechanisms of perception of humor described in Russian literature and expand the empirical database collected by foreign researchers.

Keywords: theory of mind, understanding of mental states, understanding of humor, understanding of comedic, preschool age

Column: Empirical and Experimental Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2019.405

Funding. The research was carried out within the state assignment No. 0159-2019-0004.

For Reference

References

Martin R. Psychology of humor. Rus. Ed. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2009. 480 p. (In Russian)

Ruch W. The sense of humor: Explorations of a personality characteristic. Zurich, Walter de Gruyter, 1998. 498 p.

Mireault G., Poutre M., Sargent H. M., Dias C., Perdue B., Myrick A. Humour perception and creation between parents and 3 to 6 month old infants. Infant and Child Development, 2012, vol. 21 (4), pp. 338–347.

Recchia H. E., Howe N., Ross H. S., Alexander S. Children's understanding and production of verbal irony in family conversations. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010, vol. 28 (2), pp. 255–274.

Hoicka E. The pragmatic development of humor. Pragmatic development in first language acquisition, 2014, pp. 219–237. Available at: https://www.benjamins.com/catalog/tilar.10 (accessed: 19.10.2019).

Hoicka E., Wang S. Fifteen-month-old infants match vocal cues to intentional actions. Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011, vol. 12 (3), pp. 299–314.

Leekam S. R. Jokes and lies: Children's understanding of intentional falsehood. Natural theories of mind: Evolution, development and simulation of everyday mindreading. Cambridge, MA, US, Basil Blackwell, 1991, pp. 159–174.

Shcherbakova O. V., Osorina M. V. Humorous component as a factor which increases the complexity of intellectual tasks (on the material of WAIS and WISC-III). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University, 2009, vol. 1 (1), pp. 108–115. (In Russian)

Beloglazova E. V., Shmulevich L. I. Cognitive conditions of perception of intellectual humor. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A. S. Pushkina, 2014, vol. 1 (3), pp. 183–190. (In Russian)

Artem'eva T. V., Il'ina A. O. Understanding humor and dialectic actions: research relationships. Obrazovanie i samorazvitie, 2012, no. 5, pp. 114–118. (In Russian)

Mayes L. C., Klin A., Cohen D. J. The effect of humour on children's developing theory of mind. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 1994, vol. 12 (4), pp. 555–561.

Korkmaz B. Theory of mind and neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. Pediatric Research, 2011, vol. 69, (5), pp. 101R–108R.

Sergienko E. A., Lebedeva E. I., Prusakova O. A. Mental model as a basis for understanding of self and other in ontogenesis. Moscow, Institute of psychology RAS Publ. 2009. 415 p. (In Russian)

Happé F. G. E. Communicative competence and theory of mind in autism: A test of relevance theory. Cognition, 1993, vol. 48 (2), pp. 101–119.

Baron-Cohen S. Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MIT press. 1997.

Sullivan K., Winner E., Hopfield N. How children tell a lie from a joke: The role of second order mental state attributions. British journal of developmental psychology, 1995, vol. 13 (2), pp. 191–204.

Ulanova A. Iu. The mental model as a mental mechanism for the communicative success of preschool children: PhD diss. (Psychology) . Moscow, 2015. 201 p. (In Russian)

Hutchins T. L., Prelock P. A., Chace W. Test-retest reliability of a theory of mind task battery for children with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on autism and other developmental disabilities , 2008, vol. 23 (4), pp. 195–206.

Samson A. A. C. The influence of empathizing and systemizing on humor processing: Theory of Mind and humor. Humor, 2012, vol. 25 (1), pp. 75–98.

 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????