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Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology

Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education

Publisher: Saint Petersburg University

ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607

ISSN (online): 2658-6010

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16

Published since 2011

4 issues per year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Community Work in the North — Merging Economy and Psychology 15

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Schjetne E.B.C.
PhD in Psychology, Alta, Norway
e-mail: eva.c.schjetne@uit.no

Melnikova N.M.
PhD in Psychology, Yakutsk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7405-1543
e-mail: shpresamel@yandex.ru

Abstract
The main topic of this article is a presentation of, and reflections upon contributions from the field of Psychology, System Theory, Community Work and Family Therapy in community development projects The projects have been realised through the University of the Arctic, a cooperative network of universities, colleges and other organisations committed to higher education and research in the north. The project partners in those projects are North Eastern Federate University, named after M.K. Ammosov, Institute of Finance and Economics and Development Psychological Aid Centre, Yakutsk, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russian Federation and Finnmark University College, Alta, Norway. Nadezdha Melnikova and Eva Carlsdotter Schjetne have developed a working model based on three methodological perspectives, Community and Cultural Psychology, System Theory and Humanistic Psychology. In the systemic approach to psychosocial strain and problems the salutogenetic and resilience perspectives are emphasised. The article pays great attention to building an atmosphere of trust, establishing communication between residents by discussion methods, teaching communication based on a subject-subject model, and Virginia Satir’s approach to communication; recognition of the unique experience of the population; taking into account the ethnocultural component. The active role of rural women in business development is revealed. The importance of Family Therapy is also being discussed. The role of psychologists in the implementation of interdisciplinary projects is shown. The importance of the psychologist’s humanistic orientation in creating a developing situation is also described. The necessity of moving away from the role of an expert is shown.

Keywords: community development, communication, сultural psychology, system theory, humanistic psychology, family therapy

Column: Review and Analytical Articles

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2020.104

Acknowledgements. The article represents the results of the research project “Innovation development of the Northern territories of Russia” held in 2009–2012 by the North-Eastern Federal University named M. K. Ammosov with support of Grant program “Scientific resources development of higher school”, in cooperation with the Arctic University. We are grateful to Natalia N. Okhlopkova, professor, Doctor of Economic Sciences, Director of the Institute of Finance and Economics, NEFU named after M. K. Ammosov in 2002-2012, for the invitation to the project and the organization of coopera- tion between psychologists and economists. Оur special thanks to Oksana D. Romanova, Ph.D., and Larisa Yu. Pisarevа, Ph.D., for the organization of joint work.

For Reference

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