Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology - №2 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

Previous issue (2021. Vol. 11, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology

Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education

Publisher: Saint Petersburg University

ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607

ISSN (online): 2658-6010

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16

Published since 2011

4 issues per year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The Concept “Life” in Personal Thesauri of Adults 14

|

Sapogova E.E.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: esapogova@yandex.ru

Abstract
In the framework of the existential-narrative approach developed by the author, a theoretical and empirical analysis of one of the levels of a personal thesaurus (the “Life”-macrothesaurus) is presented. The article contains some results of a study of the personal thesaurus of respondents of three age groups: young adults (30–40 years old), adults/mature (45–60 years old), elderly and aging (over 65 years old). The study is based on the author’s position on the hierarchical structure of a personal thesaurus, which includes: a meta-level formed by subjective ontology (1); the macro-level, consisting of two adjacent macrothesauri “Me” and “Life” (2); a mini-level consisting of existential concepts (3) and a micro-level formed by current concepts-quanta that capture a person’s distinctive existential experience (4). The study used the author’s semi-projective technique “The semantic personality thesaurus”, which includes 20 tasks for choosing verbal, imaginative, symbolic associations with the “Life”-concept, for its paremic and metaphorical comprehension, for correlating one’s own model (or life strategy) with archetypal, literary and other models, for the axial and central or peripheral placement of the content of the concept “Life” in the semantic fields of existential dichotomies, for the construction of existential dictionaries, etc. It is proved that there are significant age-related differences in the content of personal thesauri of this level. In the group of 30–40-year-old respondents, the “Life”-macrothesaurus appears as a combination of the following central units: love, development, movement, complexity. The life strategy is formulated as “catch the moment”; a significant unit is life-quality. In the group of 45–60-year-old respondents, the “Life”- macrothesaurus is generally represented by the following units: faith, home, hope, family (and children), movement / action / activity, development (or self-development), creativity, diversity, interest, charisma / blessing, mindfulness, complexity. In the group of respondents older than 65 years, the “Life”-macrothesaurus includes the following units: family, joy, happiness, love, interest, diversity, surprise, duty, responsibility, successes, activity, belief, hope, freedom, work (and labor), need (or usefulness), achievements, humility, gratitude, tranquility, repentance, sense, clarity, desire, children, memory, honor, respect.

Keywords: personal thesaurus, hierarchical structure of the personal thesaurus, life, life path, existential experience, personality, macroconcept

Column: Empirical and Experimental Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2020.201

For Reference

References
  1. Toporov V.N. Model of the world. In: Myths of the world. Encyclopedia, vol. 2. Moscow, Soviet Encyclopedia Publ., 1994, pp. 161–166.
  2. Dyakov S.I. Mental self-organization of a person as a subject of life. The semantic principle. Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series “Psychology” , 2018, vol. 23, pp. 15‒27 (In Russian).
  3. Ahmed M., Hoang H.H., Karim M. S., Khusro S., Lanzenberger M., Latif K., Michlmayr E., Mustofa K., Nguyen H.T., Rauber A., Schatten A., Tho M.N., Tjoa A.M. ‘SemanticLife’ — A Framework For Managing Information Of a Human Lifetime. Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Information Integration and Web-Based Applications and Services (iiWAS) . 2004. 183. Available at: https://docplayer. net/8620250-Semanticlife-a-framework-for-managing-information-of-a-human-lifetime.html (accessed: 15.01.2020).
  4. Fitzgibbon A., Reiter E. “Memories for life”. Managing in formation over a human lifetime. Available at: http://www.darpa.mil/ipto/Solicitations/PIP03–30.html8 (accessed: 15.01.2020).
  5. Sapogova E.E. Labyrinths of autobiography: an existential-narrative analysis of personal stories. St. Petersburg, Aletheia Publ., 2017. (In Russian)
  6. Sapogova E.E. The structure of a personal thesaurus: an existential-psychological approach. Siberian Journal of Psychology, 2019, no. 73, pp. 40–59. (In Russian)
  7. Sapogova E.E. Subjective ontology and the personal life world. Cultural-historical psychology, 2019, vol., 15, no. 1, pp. 35–45. (In Russian)
  8. Zinchenko V.P. Mandelstam’s staff and Mamardashvili’s pipe. To the beginnings of organic psychology. Moscow, New School Publ., 1997. (In Russian)
  9. Mamardashvili M.K. Thought banned (Conversations with A.Epelbuen). Questions of Philosophy, 1992, no. 4, pp. 70–78; no. 5, pp. 100–115. (In Russian)
  10. Ermolaeva M.V. The cultural-historical approach to the phenomenon of life experience in old age. Cultural-historical psychology, 2010, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 112–118. (In Russian)
  11. Bocharnikova I.V. Value-semantic variation of the linguistic and cultural concept “life”: abstract of thesis for the degree of candidate in Philological sciences: 10.02.01. Volgograd, Volgograd State SocialPedagogical University Press, 2013, 24 p. (In Russian)
  12. Ipanova O.A. The concept of LIFE in the Russian linguistic picture of the world: linguistic, cultural and lexicographic aspects: abstract of thesis for the degree of candidate in Philological sciences: 10.02.01. St. Petersburg, Saint Petersburg State University Press, 2005. (In Russian)
  13. Karasik V.I. On the categories of linguoculturology. In: Language person: problems of communicative activity. Volgograd, Peremena Publ., 2001, pp. 3–16. (In Russian)
  14. Vorkachev S.G. Happiness as a linguistic and cultural concept. Moscow, Gnosis Publ., 2004. (In Russian)
  15. Sapogova E.E. The existential psychology of adulthood. Moscow, Smysl Publ., 2013. (In Russian)
  16. Arutyunova N.D. Language and the world of man. Moscow, Languages of Russian Culture Publ., 1999. (In Russian)
  17. Vasilevskaya E.Yu., Molchanova O.N. Features of living in the youth period: age and socio-historical context. Cultural-historical psychology, 2013, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 52‒60. (In Russian)
  18. Sivrikova N.V. Problems of the study of generations in psychology. Cultural-historical psychology, 2015, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 100–107. (In Russian)
  19. Egorova M. S., Sitnikova M.A. The Dark Triad. Psychological research, 2014, vol. 7, no. 38, p. 12. Available at: http://psystudy.ru/num/2014v7n38/1071-egorova38 (accessed: 15.01.2020). (In Russian)
  20. Sheinov V.P. Assertiveness of an individual and his health. Russian Humanitarian Journal, 2014, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 256–270. (In Russian)
  21. Zhirina M.V. Social infantilism: life strategy in the information society. In: Materials of the AllRussian Scientific Conference. XI Kovalevsky readings (November 9–11, 2017) . St. Petersburg, Scythia-print Publ., 2017, pp. 746–748. (In Russian)
  22. Ardelyanova Ya. A., Saidov B. Sh. Factors and conditions of infantilization of modern youth Theory and practice of social development (electronic journal), 2018, no. 4, pp. 1–5. https://doi.org/10.24158/ tipor.2018.4.6. (In Russian)
  23. Manukyan V.R., Troshikhina E.G. Modern psychological concepts of well-being and personality maturity: areas of similarities and differences. Bulletin of Perm University. Philosophy. Psychology. Sociology, 2016, no. 2 (26), pp. 77‒85. (In Russian)
  24. Portnova A.G. Personal maturity: approaches to determination. Siberian Journal of Psychology, 2008, no. 27, pp. 37‒41. (In Russian)
  25. Sabelnikova E.V., Khmeleva N.L. Infantilism: theoretical construct and operationalization. Education and Science, 2016, no. 3 (132), pp. 89‒105. (In Russian)
  26. Arnett J.J. Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties. New York, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  27. Skager R. Extending childhood into the teen years: “Infantilization” and its consequences. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 2009, vol. 18, no. 2, pp.18–20.
  28. Vygotsky L. S. Pedology of a teenager. In: Collected works. Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1984, vol. 4, pp. 6‒37. (In Russian)
  29. Shamis E., Nikonov E. Generation theory. Extraordinary X. Moscow, Sinergy Book Publ., 2020. (In Russian).
  30. Raleigh D. Soviet Baby Boomers: An Oral History of Russia’s Cold War Generation. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2012.
  31. Yurchak A. Everything Was Forever, Until It Was No More: The Last Soviet Generation. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2006.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????