Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology - №1 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

Previous issue (2021. Vol. 11, no. 4)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology

Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education

Publisher: Saint Petersburg University

ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607

ISSN (online): 2658-6010

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16

Published since 2011

4 issues per year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Comparative Analysis of the Characteristics of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease of Middle and Older Age with Different Dynamics of Cognitive Functioning During Rehabilitation After Coronary Bypass Surgery 35

|

Grigoreva O.S.
Postgraduate Student, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: olgasgrigoreva@mail.ru

Eremina D.A.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Lecturer, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0076-0347
e-mail: daria.a.eremina@gmail.com

Abstract
For an in-depth study of the main clinical, psychosocial and emotional-personal characteristics of patients with coronary heart disease with different dynamics (improvement and deterioration) of cognitive functioning after coronary bypass surgery, a study was conducted on the basis of the Federal State Medical Research Center named after V. A. Almazova (St. Petersburg). The study involved 51 patients: 24 elderly (60–74 years old) and 27 middleaged patients (45–59 years old). The study was carried out in two stages: the 1st stage — immediately before coronary artery bypass grafting (1–2 days before the operation), the 2nd stage — 7–10 days after the operation. We used a clinical psychology interview and following psycho diagnostic methods: Integrative anxiety test (IАT), Toronto alexithymic scale (TAS), Trail Making Test (TMT), Subtests of “Similarities” and “The Block Design Tests (Kohs)” from the Veksler Scale for the Study of the Intelligence of Adults (WAIS), “10 words”; “Remembering stories”, “Simple analogies”, Test of visual retention A. Benton, Interference Stroop Task. According to the data obtained, elderly patients with cognitive impairment differ: not following a diet before hospitalization; lack of physical activity before hospitalization; the presence in the history of obesity of one degree or another; a large number of affected arteries (including trunks); more burdened by heredity in CVD in the male line. At the same time, middle-aged patients with a deterioration in the dynamics of cognitive functioning are distinguished by a large number of cigarettes smoked per day; damage to the left coronary artery, the presence in the history of chronic bronchitis; pronounced phobic component of personal anxiety.

Keywords: cognitive functions, coronary heart disease, coronary artery bypass grafting, rehabilitation, old age, middle age

Column: Empirical and Experimental Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2020.403

Funding. This work was supported by a grant from the President of the Russian Federation for young scientists no. MK-1933.2019.6.

For Reference

References
  1. Akchurin R. S., Vasiliev V. P., Galyautdinov D. M., Korolev S. V., Lepipin M. G., Partigulov S. A., Shiryaev A. A. Modern Coronary Artery Surgery. Cardiological Bulletin, 2010, vol. V (XVIII), no. 1, pp. 45–49. (In Russian)
  2. Eremina D. A. The dynamics of the cognitive functions of patients with coronary heart disease in the process of rehabilitation after coronary bypass surgery. PhD dissertation (Psychology) . St. Petersburg, 2015. 213 p. (In Russian)
  3. Gontmakher E. The problem of population aging in Russia. Journal of World Economy and International Relations, 2012, no. 1, pp. 22–29. (In Russian)
  4. Grigoreva O. S., Schelkova O. Yu. The dynamics of cognitive functions in elderly patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Scientific research of graduates of the Faculty of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University. Vol. 7, ed. A. V. Shaboltas. St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg University Press, 2019, pp. 26–36. (In Russian)
  5. Newman S. P., Harrison M. J. Coronary-artery bypass surgery and the brain: persisting concerns. Lancet Neurol, 2002, no. 1, pp.119—125
  6. Gimoyan L. G., Silvanyan G. G. Violation of cognitive functions: the relevance of the problem, risk factors, the possibility of prevention and treatment. Archive of Internal Medicine, 2013, no. 2 (10), pp. 35–40. (In Russian)
  7. Jensen B., Rasmussen L. S., Steinbruchel D. A. Cognitive outcomes in elderly high-risk patients 1 year after off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. A randomized trial. Eur. J. Cardiothorac. Surg, 2008, vol. 34 (5), pp. 1016–1021.
  8. Zueva I. B. et al. The relationship of cardiovascular risk factors with cognitive functions in middleaged patients. Arterial hypertension, 2011, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 432–441. (In Russian)
  9. Damulin I. V. Cognitive impairment in vascular diseases of the brain: some aspects of diagnosis and therapy. Farmateka, 2011, no. 19, pp. 20–28. (In Russian)
  10. Bokeria L. A., Golukhova E. Z., Polunina A. G., Begachev A. V., Lefterova N. P. Cognitive impairment in cardiac surgery patients: neurological correlates, diagnostic approaches, and clinical significance. Creative cardiology, 2007, no. 1–2, pp. 231–243. (In Russian)
  11. Grigoreva O. S., Eremina D. A., Shchelkova O. Yu. Clinical, psychosocial and emotional-personality characteristics of elderly patients with different dynamics of cognitive functioning. Petersburg Psychological Journal, 2019, no. 27, pp. 17–35. (In Russian)
  12. Kulik J. A., Mahler H. I. M. Emotional Support as a Moderator of Adjustment and Compliance After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1993, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 45–63.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????