Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology - №2 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

Previous issue (2022. Vol. 12, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology

Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education

Publisher: Saint Petersburg University

ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607

ISSN (online): 2658-6010


Published since 2011

4 issues per year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


The Meaning-Forming Experience of Country Life for Former City Dwellers: the Existential Context 22


Kretova L.A.
PhD in Psychology Applicant, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

The study presented in the current article is related to the phenomenon of city dwellers moving to the country. It refers to the existential context of this phenomenon as the least studied and at the same time having significant heuristic potential for psychological science, its purpose is to identify the unique semantic structure of country lifeworld, as well as to investigate the stability and variability of this structure over time. Country life is considered as a special environment that contributes to the acquisition of personal meaning of life, the solution of existential issues of former city dwellers. The study was conducted on the material of country residents’ notes in social networks (87 text fragments) and literary texts (176 fragments). To analyze the data, thematic analysis and qualitative content analysis were used. The themes associated with the description of personally significant experiences of country residents were identified and described: waiting for being, dialogue with the surrounding world, labor and lifestyle, contemplation and peace, co-existence, nostalgia, being yourself, formation and kindheartedness. The final stage of the study was aimed at comparing the results of the analysis of texts of past centuries and texts of contemporaries, an additional analysis of the identified trends and variations in the key semantic themes of the country lifeworld. The results show the stability of the structure of the country lifeworld in historical terms and the special constitutive role of nostalgic experience.

Keywords: country lifeworld, existential context, experiencing, nostalgia, phenomenological approach, thematic analysis, historical and psychological method

Column: Empirical and Experimental Research


Received: 23.05.2021

Accepted: 17.06.2021

For Reference


Adamiak C., Pitkänen K., Lehtonen O. (2016). Seasonal residence and counterurbanization: the role of second homes in population redistribution in Finland. GeoJournal, 82 (5), 1035–1050.

Andreeva G. M. (2011). Towards the problem of identity crisis amid the social transformations. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniia, 6 (20), p. 1. URL: (accessed: 08.06.2021). (In Russian)

Andringa T., Angyal N. The Nature of Wisdom: People’s Connection to Nature Reflects a Deep Understanding of Life. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 2019, vol. 16, no 1, pp. 108–126. (In Russian)

Angelova L. (2010). Phenomenology of home. South Florida, University of South Florida.

Blasiak R. (2012). Return to rural communities: Resilience over efficiency. URL: en/return-to-rural-communities-resilience-over-efficiency (accessed: 04.04.2020).

Braun V., Clarke V. (2021). Can I use TA? Should I use TA? Should I not use TA? Comparing reflexive thematic analysis and other pattern-based qualitative analytic approaches. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 21, 37–47.

Busygina N.P. (2013). The methodology of qualitative research in psychology. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ. (In Russian)

Busygina N.P. (2009). Scientific prospective of case study methodology. Konsul’tativnaia psikhologiia i psikhoterapiia, 17 (1), 5–29. (In Russian)

Chistopol’skaya K.A., Enikolopov S.N., Nikolaev E.L., et al. (2017). Connection with nature: contribution to mental well-being. In: Perspektivy psikhologicheskoi nauki i praktiki: sbornik statei Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoprakticheskoi konferentsii. (Moskva, 16 iiunia 2017 g.) (pp. 764–767). Moscow, RGU im. A.N.Kosygina Press. (In Russian)

Clayton S., Irkhin B.D., Nartova-Bochaver S.K. (2019). Environmental identity in Russia: Validation and relationship to concern for people and plants. Psikhologiia. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 16 (1), 85–107. (In Russian)

Clayton S., Opotow S. (2003). Identity and the natural environment: The psychological significance of nature. Cambridge, MIT Press.

Freed A. (2015). Exploring the link between environmental identity, behaviors and decision making: Doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University. URL: (accessed: 04.04.2020).

Galkova O.V., Petrov A.V., Glazunov V.V. (2020). Landscape, memory, heritage and identity (Historiographical overview). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. 4. Istoriia. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, 25 (5), 247–257. (In Russian)

Gallent, N. (2014). The Social value of second homes in rural communities. Housing, Theory, and Society, 31 (2), 174–191.

Grishina, N.V., Kostromina S.N., Mironenko I.A. (2018). The structure of problematic field of modern personality psychology. Psihologicheskii zhurnal, 39 (1), 26–35. (In Russian)

Grishina, N.V. (2018). The problem of the conceptualization of context in modern psychology. Sotsial’naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo, 9 (3), 10–20. (In Russian)

Husserl, E. (2013). The crisis of European science and transcendental phenomenology: Introduction to Phenomenological Philosophy. Rus. ed. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ. (In Russian)

Ilyin, V.I. (2017). Russian traditional cottage in the process of social transformation from the rural dwelling to summer house. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Sotsiologiia, 4, 454–468. (In Russian)

Kretova, L.A. (2020a). Perception of nature: a sense of homeland and spiritual and moral aspects. In: Borisova N.V. (ed.), Individual’noe, natsional’noe i global’noe v soznanii sovremennogo cheloveka: novye idei, problemy, nauchnye napravleniia (pp. 587–594). Moscow, Institute of psychology RAS Press. https:// (In Russian)

Kretova, L.A. (2020b). Features of experiencing the epidemic in rural life: the impact of sovereignty and historical aspects. Nauchnoe obozrenie. Ser. 2. Gumanitarnye nauki, 3–4, 95–108. https://doi. org/10.26653/2076-4685-2020-3-4-09 (In Russian)

Kvale, S. (2003). Interviews. Rus. ed. Moscow, Smysl Publ. (In Russian)

Li, N.P., Kanazawa, S. (2016). Country roads, take me home… to my friends: How intelligence, population density, and friendship affect modern happiness. British Journal of Psychology, 107, 675–697.

Makshanchikova, A.Yu., Nikishin, E.A., Popov, D. S. (2019). Extra-urban localities: hybridization of ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ in the process of migration of citizens to the countryside. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, 12, 62–70. (In Russian)

Melnikova, O.T., Krichevets A.N., Khoroshilov D.A. (2013). Historical and epistemological context of the development of qualitative research in psychology. Part 1. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniia, 6 (32), 1. URL: (accessed: 15.01.2021). (In Russian)

Melnikova, O.T., Krichevets, A.N., Khoroshilov, D.A. (2014). Historical and epistemological context of the development of qualitative research in psychology. Part 2. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniia, 7 (33), 4. URL: (accessed: 17.01.2021). (In Russian)

Melnikova, O.T., Khoroshilov D.A. (2015). The strategies of validation of qualitative research in psychology. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniia, 8 (44), 3. URL: (accessed: 20.01.2021). (In Russian)

Men’shikova, L.V., Levchenko, E.V. (2015). About the historical formation of the concept of the life-world in psychology. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Series 16. Psychology. Education, 2, 4–9. (In Russian)

Nartova-Bochaver, S.K., Mukhortova, E.A., Irkhin, B.D. (2020). Interaction with the plant world as a source of positive human functioning. Konsul’tativnaia psikhologiia i psikhoterapiia, 28 (2), 151–169. https:// (In Russian)

Nartova-Bochaver, S.K. (2019). Environmental identity and the person’s moral motives. In: Zhuravlev A.L. (ed.) Metodologiia, teoriia, istoriia psikhologii lichnosti Methodology, theory, history of personality psychology (pp. 156–163). Moscow, Institute of psychology RAS Press. (In Russian)

Pavlova, N.D., Grebenshchikova, T.A. (2017). Intentanalysis: basis, procedure and application. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Press. (In Russian)

Petrovskii V.A., Nestik T.A. (2020). Vadim Petrovsky about the future of psychology. Institut psikhologii Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Sotsial’naia i ekonomicheskaia psikhologiia, 5 (1), 269–301. (In Russian)

Quinn Deirdre, N. (2010). Holiday home, sweet home: a phenomenological approach to second home living in Ireland. Dublin, Dublin Institute of Technology.

Roze, D. (2018). Plants and gardens in memory stories of Latvian exile. In: Saleniece I. (ed.) History: Sources and People. XXI (pp. 316–321). Daugavpils, Daugavpils University Academic Press Saule.

Sapogova, E.E. (2019). Subjective ontology and the individual’s lifeworld. Кul’turno-istoricheskaia psikhologiia, 15 (1), 35–45. (In Russian)

Terry, G., Hayfield, N., Clarke, V., Braun, V. (2017). Thematic analysis. Willig C., Stainton-Rogers W. (eds). The Sage handbook of qualitative research in psychology (pp. 176–192). London, Sage.

Ulanovskii, A.M. (2016). Phenomenological psychology: qualitative research and work with experience. Moscow, Smysl Publ. (In Russian)

Vinogradskaya, O.Ya. (2018). Ontological foundations of the townspeople moving to the village. Krest’ianovedenie, 3 (4), 123–135. (In Russian)

Volovikova, M.I. (2004). Russian people’s ideas about the moral ideal. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Press. (In Russian)

Zamyatin, D.N. (2020). Geocultural branding of cities and territories: from theory to practice. The book is for those who want to design and create other spaces. St. Petersburg, Aleteiya Publ. (In Russian)


© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????