Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology - №1 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

Previous issue (2021. Vol. 11, no. 4)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology

Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education

Publisher: Saint Petersburg University

ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607

ISSN (online): 2658-6010

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16

Published since 2011

4 issues per year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The Role of Perfectionism in Athletes: Diagnosis and Relationship with Anxiety, Mental Images and Sports Motivation 66

|

Veraksa A.N.
Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Educational Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7187-6080
e-mail: veraksa@yandex.ru

Yakushina A.A.
Postgraduate Student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: anastasia.ya.au@yandex.ru

Semenov Yu.I.
Researcher, Scientific and Educational Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Yakutsk, Russia
e-mail: yra_semen1109@mail.ru

Abstract
The article analyzes the results of studying the features of perfectionism and its relationship with anxiety, internal and external motivation, and mental images in athletes. The authors relied on R. Frost’s concept of the multidimensional structure of perfectionism and the division of its parameters into adaptive and maladaptive. The study involved 249 athletes (Mage=20,18; SDage=3,13) from different regions of the Russian Federation. As a result, it was shown that trait anxiety is significantly higher in athletes with a higher level of perfectionism. Adaptive parameters of perfectionism (“personal standards and organization”) are positively correlated with all parameters of internal motivation in athletes (“motivation to know”, “experience stimulation” and “motivation toward accomplishments”). In addition, maladaptive parameter such as “doubts about actions” negatively correlate with all parameters of internal motivation. The external motivation parameter “social approval” is significantly associated with all parameters of maladaptive perfectionism (“perceived coach pressure”, “perceived parental pressure”, “concern over mistakes”, “doubts about actions”). In addition, the parameter “personal standards and organization” has a significant impact on the frequency of using all types of mental images.

Keywords: perfectionism, sport psychology, perfectionism in sport, personality of athletes

Column: Empirical and Experimental Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2021.301

Received: 15.04.2021

Accepted: 17.06.2021

For Reference

References

Appleton, P. R., Hall, H. K., Hill, A. P. (2011). Examining the influence of the parent initiated and coach-created motivational climate upon athletes’ perfectionistic cognitions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 (7), 661–671.

Barcza-Renner, K., Eklund, R. C., Morin, A. J. S., Habeeb, C. M. (2016). Controlling coaching behaviors and athlete burnout: Investigating the mediating roles of perfectionism and motivation. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38 (1), 30–44.

Björkstrand, S., Jern, P. (2013). Evaluation of an imagery intervention to improve penalty taking ability in soccer: A study of two junior girls’ teams. Nordic Psychology, 65 (4), 290–305. https://doi.org/10.1080/19012276.2013.851444

Cohn P., Cohn L. Young athletes and perfectionism. URL: https://www.active.com/health/articles/young-athletes-and-perfectionism (accessed: 15.02.2020).

Correia, M. C., Rosado, A. F., Serpa, S. (2018). Fear of failure and perfectionism in sport. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 1, 161–172.

Cumming, J., Ramsey, R. (2009). Imagery interventions in sport. In: S. D. Mellalieu, S. Hanton (eds). Advances in applied sport psychology: A review (pp. 5–36). London: Routledge.

Donachie, T., Hill, A. P., Hall, H. K. (2018). The relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and precompetition emotions of youth footballers. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 37, 33–42.

Flett, G. L., Hewitt, P. L., Blankstein, K. R., Gray, L. (1998). Psychological distress and the frequency of perfectionistic thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1363–1381.

Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R., Holt, C., Mattia, J., Neubauer, A. A. (1993). Сomparison of two measures of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 14, 119–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(93)90181-2

Frost, R. O., Henderson, K. J. (1991). Perfectionism and reactions to athletic competition. Journal Sport Exercise Psychology, 13, 323–335.

Frost, R. O., Marten, P., Laharat, C., Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449–468. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01172967

Garanyan, N. G., Yudeeva, T. Yu. (2009) Structure of perfectionism in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal, 6, 93−103. (In Russian, abstr. in English)

García Calvo, T., Cervelló, E., Jiménez, R., Iglesias, D., Moreno Murcia, J. A. (2010). Using Self-Determination Theory to Explain Sport Persistence and Dropout in Adolescent Athletes. Span Journal of Psychology, 13 (2), 677–684. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1138741600002341

Gotwals, J. K., Dunn, J. G. H. (2009). A multi-method multi-analytic approach to establishing internal construct validity evidence: The sport multidimensional perfectionism scale 2. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 13, 71–92. https://doi.org/10.1080/10913670902812663

Gould, D. R., Dieffenbach, K., Moffett, A. (2002). Psychological characteristics and their development in Olympic champions. J.Appl. Sport Psychol. , 14, 172–204. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200290103482

Gustafsson, H., Hill, A. P., Stenling, A., Wagnsson, S. (2016). Profiles of perfectionism, parental climate, and burnout among competitive junior athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 26 (10), 1256–1264.

Hall, H. K., Hill, A. P., Appleton, P. R., Kozub, S. A. (2009). The mediating influence of unconditional self-acceptance and labile self-esteem on the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and exercise dependence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10, 35–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psych-sport.2008.05.003

Hall, H. K., Kerr, A. W., Matthews, J. (1998). Precompetitive anxiety in sport: The contribution of achievement goals and perfectionism. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 20, 194–217.

Hill, A. P., Grugan, M. (2019). Introducing perfectionistic climate. Perspectives on early childhood psychology and education, 4 (2), 263–276.

Hill, A. P., Mallinson-Howard, S. H., Jowett, G. E. (2018). Multidimensional perfectionism in sport: A meta-analytical review. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 7 (3), 235–270. https://doi.org/10.1037/spy0000125

Il’in, E. P. (2000). Psychology of physical education: textbook for institutes and faculties of physical culture. St. Petersburg.: RSPU named after A. Gertsena Press. (In Russian)

Ivanović, M., Milosavljević, S., Ivanović, U. (2015). Perfectionism, anxiety in sport, and sport achievement in adolescence. Sport Science, 8 (1), 35–42.

Jowett, G. E., Hill, A. P., Hall, H. K., Curran, T. (2016). Perfectionism, burnout and engagement in youth sport: The mediating role of basic psychological needs. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 24 (1), 8–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.001

Kasatkin, V. N., Vykhodets, I. T., Bochaver, K. A., Kvitchastyy, A. V. (2012) To the question of diagnostics of sports motivation: adaptation of the questionnaire “Sport Motivation Scale”. Sportivnyy psikholog, 1 (25), 38–43. (In Russian)

Lemyre, P.-N., Hall, H. K., Roberts, G. C. (2008). A social cognitive approach to burnout in elite athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 18, 221–234. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600- 0838.2007.00671.x

Madigan, D. J., Stoeber, J., Passfield, L. (2015). Perfectionism and burnout in junior athletes: A three-month longitudinal study. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37, 3, 305–315. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2014-0266

Madigan, D. J., Curran, T., Stoeber, J., Hill, A. P., Smith, M. M., Passfield, L. (2019). Development of perfectionism in junior athletes: A three-sample study of coach and parental pressure. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 41 (3), 167–175. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2018-0287

Madigan, D. J., Stoeber, J., Passfield, L. (2017). Perfectionism and achievement goals revisited the 3 × 2 achievement goal framework. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 28, 120–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psych- sport.2016.10.008

Mallinson-Howard, S. H., Madigan, D. J., Jowett, G. E. (2021). A three-sample study of perfectionism and field test performance in athletes. European Journal of Sport Science, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1811777

Martinent, G., Ferrand, C. (2007). A cluster analysis of precompetitive anxiety: Relationship with perfectionism and trait anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1676–1686. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.05.005

Mouratidis, T., Michou, A. (2011). Perfectionism, self-determined motivation, and coping among adolescents. Psychol. Sport Exerc. , 12, 355–367.

Nordin-Bates, S. M., Cumming, J., Sharp, L., Aways, D. (2011). Imagining yourself dancing to perfection? Correlates of perfectionism in ballet and contemporary dance. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 5, 58–76.

Raspopova, A. C. (2012). Development of constructive perfectionism in sports through psychological training. Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. Pedagogika i psikhologiia, 2, 163–168. (In Russian, abstr. in English)

Sopov, V. F. (2010). Theory and methodology of psychological training in modern sports. Methodical manual. Moscow. (In Russian)

Spilberger, Ch. D., Khanin, Yu. L. (2002). Study of anxiety. Diagnostics of emotional and moral development (pp. 124–126). St. Petersburg: Rech’ Publ. (In Russian)

Stoeber, J. (2018). The psychology of perfectionism: An introduction. In: J. Stoeber (ed.). The psychology of perfectionism: Theory, research, applications (pp. 3–16). London: Routledge.

Stoeber, J., Otto, K. (2006). Positive conceptions of perfectionism: Approaches, evidence, challenges. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 295–319.

Stoeber, J., Otto, K., Pescheck, E., Becker, C., Stoll, O. (2007). Perfectionism and competitive anxiety in athletes: Differentiating striving for perfection and negative reactions to imperfection. Personality and Individual Differences, 42 (6), 959–969.

Stoeber, J., Stoll, O., Pescheck, E., Otto, K. (2008). Perfectionism and achievement goals in athletes: Relations with approach and avoidance orientations in mastery and performance goals. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9 (2), 102–121.

Treasure, D.C, Roberts, G.C. (1995). Applications of achievement goal theory to physical education: implications for enhancing motivation. Quest, 47, 475–489.

Veraksa, A.N., Gorovaya, A.E.Grushko, A.I., Bayanova, L.F.Galiullina, M. Sh., Galyavieva D.G. (2014). Adaptation of the questionnaire “The Sport Imagery Questionnaire” (SIQ) on the Russian-language sample. Psikhologicheskij zhurnal, 35 (1), 120–129. (In Russian)

Veraksa, A.N., Gorovaya, A.E., Grushko, A.I., Leonov, S.V. (2016). Mental training in the psychological preparation of in athletes. Moscow: Sport Publ. (In Russian)

Vicent, M., Sanmartín, R., Vásconez-Rubio, O., García-Fernández, J.M. (2020). Perfectionism profiles and motivation to exercise based on self-determination theory. Int. J.Environ. Res. Public Health, 17, 3206.

Vink, K., Raudsepp, L. (2018). Perfectionistic strivings, motivation and engagement in sport-specific activities among adolescent team athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 125 (3), 596–611.

Yakushina, A.A., Leonov, S.V., Aslanova, M. S. (2021). Establishing the reliability and validity of the diagnostics model of perfectionism in sport. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Ser. 14. Psikhologiia, 1, 241–264. https://doi.org/10.11621/vsp.2021.01.10 (In Russian)

 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????