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Культурные ценностные ориентации: природа и следствия национальных различий

Шварц Ш.
заслуженный профессор психологии Иерусалимского университета, бывший президент Международной ассоциации кросскультурной психологии. Автор книг и статей по социальной, кросскультурной, политической психологии, социологии, образованию, праву и экономике.
e-mail: msshasch@mscc.huji.ac.il

Аннотация

В статье представлены теория и метод измерения культурных ценностных ориентаций, предложенные Ш. Шварцем. Анализируется природа культурных ценностей как базовых элементов культуры. На основе эмпирических исследований, выполненных в 84 странах мира под руководством автора, выделяются 8 различных культурных ареалов, строится карта расположения стран вдоль 7 базовых культурных ценностных ориентаций: Принадлежности, Интеллектуальной и Аффективной Автономии, Иерархии, Равноправия, Мастерства, Гармонии. Приводятся корреляции ценностей с уровнем социально-экономического развития, типами экономических и политических систем.

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