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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

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Deviant Behaviour in 18th - beginning of 20th Century (On the Materials of Olonetskaya Province)

Pulkin M.V., кандидат психологических наук, старший научный сотрудник института языка, литературы и истории Карельского научного центра РАН, Москва, Россия
Abstract
The paper describes main aspects of historical development of deviant behaviour which, in the author's opinion, is greatly influenced by socioeconomic, gender, ethnic and religious factors. But perhaps the most influential factor affecting one's 'choice' of deviant behaviour was his/her social class. Deviance is regarded as a pulsating phenomenon, with its peak of development and its spread coinciding with periods of social instability. However, a precise definition of deviance is difficult to give: in different social groups acceptable behaviour was defined according to their own norms and values. In the period under consideration the ability of the society (of church, repressive apparatus, other institutions) to resist deviance proved to be quite poor.

Keywords: deviance, deviant behaviour, crime, prostitution, social classes, Orthodox Church, gender, parish, education, clergy, peasants, 'gentlefolk'

Column: Empirical Research

For Reference

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