Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 24, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Alienation from Study as a Predictor of Burnout in University Students: the Role of the Educational Environment Characteristics

Osin E.N., Ph.D. in Psychology, Deputy head of International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, evgeny.n.osin@gmail.com
Abstract
The paper presents two studies aimed at development and validation of a scale of alienation in educational context. The first study using samples of university students (N = 395) and high school students (N = 194) involves structural validation of Subjective Alienation Questionnaire for Students using confirmatory factor analysis. The scales of the questionnaire have shown acceptable internal consistency (α = 0,70–0,92) and predictable associations with measures of subjective and psychological well-being, locus of control, life meaning, generalized self-efficacy, and hardiness. The second study using a sample of university students (N = 152) focused on the associations of alienation, burnout, and academic motivation with learning environment characteristics, well-being, and self-reported academic achievement. According to the resulting model, learning motivation and alienation reflect characteristics of relation of the student to the object of learning, whereas burnout reflects the resulting characteristics of learning process. Burnout was predicted by excessive difficulty of learning tasks, high workload, and alienation. Alienation was predicted by low teacher support, low clarity of learning requirements, and lack of choice in studies. Alienation and burnout mediated the asso-ciations of these learning environment characteristics with self-reported academic success and subjective well-being of students.

Keywords: alienation, burnout, loss of meaning, learning activity, higher educational institutions

Column: Educational Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse.2015200406

For Reference

References
  1. Bazhin E.F., Golynkina E.A., Etkind A.M. Opros­nik urovnya sub”ektivnogo kontrolya (USK) [Per­ceived locus of control questionnaire (USK)]. Mos­cow: Smysl, 1993. 16 p.
  2. Gordeeva T.O., Sychev O.A., Osin E.N. Vnutren­nyaya i vneshnyaya uchebnaya motivatsiya studen­tov: ikh istochniki i vliyanie na psikhologicheskoe blagopoluchie [Inner and outer motivation in stu­dents: Its sources and influence on psychological well-being]. Voprosy Psikhologii [Psychological Is­sues], 2013, no. 1, pp. 35–45.
  3. Gordeeva T.O., Sychev O.A., Osin E.N. Opros­nik “Shkaly akademicheskoi motivatsii” [“Academic motivation scales” questionnaire]. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2014. Vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 96–107.
  4. Leont’ev D.A. Test smyslozhiznennykh orientatsii (SZhO) [Noetic orientations test (SZhO)]. Moscow: Smysl, 1992. 16 p.
  5. Leont’ev D.A., Rasskazova E.I. Test zhiznestoikosti [Hardiness test]. Moscow: Smysl, 2006. 63 s.
  6. Maddi S. Smysloobrazovanie v protsessakh prin­yatiya resheniya [Creating meaning through making decisions]. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2005. Vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 87–101.
  7. Marks K. Ekonomichesko-filosofskie rukopisi 1844 goda [Economic and philosophic manuscripts of 1844]. In K. Marks, F. Engels. Iz rannikh proiz­vedenii [From early work]. Moscow: Politizdat, 1956, pp. 517–642.
  8. Osin E.N. Smysloutrata kak perezhivanie ot­chuzhdeniya: struktura i diagnostika. Diss. kand. psikhol. n. [Loss of meaning as experienced alien­ation: Structure and assessment. Cand.Sci. (Ph.D.) (Psychology) Thesis] Moscow: 2007. 217 p.
  9. Osin E.N. Izmerenie pozitivnykh i negativnykh emotsii: razrabotka russkoyazychnogo analoga metodiki PANAS [Measuring Positive and Nega­tive Affect: Development of a Russian-language Analogue of PANAS]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vys­shei shkoly ekonomiki [Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics], 2012. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 91–110.
  10. Osin E.N. Kategoriya otchuzhdeniya v psikholo­gii obrazovaniya: istoriya i perspektivy [The concept of alienation in educational psychology: History and perspectives]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-Historical Psychology] (in press).
  11. Osin E.N., Leont’ev D.A. Smysloutrata i otchuzh­denie [Loss of meaning and alienation]. Kul’turno­istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-Historical Psy­chology], 2007, no. 4, pp. 68–77.
  12. Osin E.N., Leont’ev D.A. Aprobatsiya russ­koyazychnykh versii dvukh shkal ekspress-otsenki sub”ektivnogo blagopoluchiya [Validation of Russian versions of two brief subjective well-being scales].
  13. Materialy III Vserossiiskogo sotsiologicheskogo kongressa [Proceedings of the Third Russian Socio­logical Congress]. Moscow: Institut sotsiologii RAN, Rossiiskoe obshchestvo sotsiologov [Institute of So­ciology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Society of Sociologists], 2008.
  14. Shaufeli V., Diikstra P., Ivanova T. Uvlechen­nost’ rabotoi: kak nauchit’sya lyubit’ svoyu rabotu i poluchat’ ot nee udovol’stvie [Engaged at work: How to learn to love your work and enjoy it]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2015. 137 p.
  15. Shvartser R., Erusalem M., Romek V. Russ­kaya versiya shkaly obshchei samoeffektivnosti R. Shvartsera i M. Erusalema [Russian version of Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale by R. Schwartzer and M. Jerusalem]. Inostrannaya psikhologiya [Foreign Psychology], 1996, no. 7, pp. 71–76.
  16. Shevelenkova T.D., Fesenko P.P. Psikho­logicheskoe blagopoluchie lichnosti (obzor os­novnykh kontseptsii i metodika issledovaniya) [Psychological well-being of personality (a review of principal models and a research instrument)]. Psi­khologicheskaya diagnostika [Psychological As­sessment], 2005, no. 3, pp. 95–129.
  17. Bakker A.B., Demerouti E. The Job Demands-Resources model: State of the art. Journal of Mana­gerial Psychology, 2007. Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 309–328. doi:10.1108/02683940710733115
  18. Barnhardt B., Ginns P. An alienation-based framework for student experience in higher educa­tion: new interpretations of past observations in stu­dent learning theory. Higher Education, 2014. Vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 789–805. doi:10.1007/s10734-014­9744-y
  19. Brown T.A. Confirmatory factor analysis for ap­plied research. 2nd Edition. New York: The Guilford Press, 2015. 462 p.
  20. Case J.M. Alienation and engagement: Devel­opment of an alternative theoretical framework for understanding student learning. Higher Education, 2008. Vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 321–332. doi:10.1007/ s10734-007-9057-5
  21. Eid M., Lischetzke T., Nussbeck F.W. Struc­tural equation models for multitrait-multimethod data. In M. Eid, E. Diener (eds.). Handbook of Mul­timethod Measurement in Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2006, pp. 283–299.
  22. Jacobs S.R., Dodd D.K. Student burnout as a function of personality, social support, and work­load. Journal of College Student Development, 2003. Vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 291–303. doi:10.1353/ csd.2003.0028
  23. Осин Е. Н. Отчуждение от учебы как предиктор выгорания у студентов вузов: роль характеристик образовательной среды. Психологическая наука и образование. 2015. Т.20. № 4
  24. Kenny D.A., McCoach D.B. Effects of the num­ber of variables on measures of fit in structural equation modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 2003. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 333–351. doi:10.1207/ S15328007SEM1003_1
  25. Maddi S.R. The existential neurosis. Jour­nal of Abnormal Psychology, 1967. Vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 311–325.
  26. Maddi S.R., Kobasa S.C., Hoover M. An Aliena­tion Test. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 1979. Vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 73–76.
  27. Maddi S.R., Kobasa S.C., Hoover M. The Alien­ation Test: A Structured Measure of a Multidimen­sional Subjective State. Unpublished Manual. Uni­versity of Chicago, 1980. 30 p.
  28. Mann S.J. Alternative perspectives on the student experience: Alienation and engagement. Studies in Higher Education, 2001. Vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 7–19. doi:10.1080/03075070123178
  29. Martin-Krumm C., Oger M., Sarrazin P. Col­lege pupils’ burnout in France: Links to motivation and evolution during a school year. In T. Freire (ed.) Understanding Positive Life. Research and Practice on Positive Psychology. Lisboa: Climepsi Editores, 2009, pp. 251–269.
  30. Maslach C., Schaufeli W.B., Leiter M.P. Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 2001. Vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 397–422. doi:10.1146/annurev. psych.52.1.397
  31. Ryan R.M., Deci E.L. Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social de­velopment, and well-being. American Psychologist, 2000. Vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 68–78. doi:10.1037/0003­066X.55.1.68
  32. Salmela-Aro K., Kiuru N., Pietikäinen M., Jokela J. Does School Matter? The Role of School Con­text in Adolescents’ School-Related Burnout. Euro­pean Psychologist, 2008. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–23. doi:10.1027/1016-9040.13.1.12
  33. Salmela-Aro K., Kiuru N., Leskinen E., Nur­mi J.-E. School-Burnout Inventory (SBI): Reliabil­ity and validity. European Journal of Psychologi­cal Asssessment, 2009. Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 48–57. doi:10.1027/1015-5759.25.1.48
  34. Schaufeli W.B., Martinez I., Pinto A.M., Sala­nova M., Bakker A. Burnout and engagement in university students: A cross-national study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2002. Vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 464–481. doi:10.1177/0022022102033005003
  35. Seeman M. On the Meaning of Alienation. Ame­rican Sociological Review, 1959. Vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 783–791.
  36. Seeman M. Alienation studies. Annual Review of Sociology, 1975. Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 91–123.
  37. Seeman M. Alienation and Anomie. In J.P. Ro­binson, P.R. Shaver, L.S. Wrightsman (eds.) Mea­sures of Personality and Social Psychological At­titudes. San Diego: Academic Press, 1991. Vol. 1, pp. 291–371.
  38. Sidorkin A.M. In the event of learning: Alienation and participative thinking in education. Educatio­nal Theory, 2004. Vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 251–262. doi: 10.1111/j.0013-2004.2004.00018.x
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика