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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

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Cognitive styles and contextual variables as the factors of ingroup bias and outgroup stereotyping in the perception of artificial social groups

Baleva M.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Philosophical and sociological faculty, Perm State University, Perm, Russia, milenabaleva@yandex.ru
Abstract
The problem considered in the article is connected with the establishment of interrelations between cognitive styles and subjectively constructed contextual factors in the process of social perception. Hypotheses about the presence of statistically significant effects and interactions of these factors on the variables of ingroup bias and outgroup stereotyping are tested. Participants (103 students, including 24 males and 79 females, from 17 to 22 years old, M = 19,29, SD = 0,77) were presented with specially constructed target text contained information on artificial social groups, as well as tools for measuring the bias, stereotyping and cognitive styles. It was found that the field-dependency, rigid control, impulsiveness and cognitive simplicity contributed to the stereotyping of the Other (p <0.08 ÷ 0.001), but not to the ingroup bias. It was shown that the growth of field-independence and flexible cognitive control decreased stereotyping faster, if the information about the social groups was of little importance for the subject (p <0,07 ÷ 0,05). The obtained facts indicate that the stereotyping has rather cognitive and the bias presumably motivational causality.

Keywords: ingroup bias, stereotyping, ingroup, outgroup, cognitive styles, social perception, contextual factors.

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps.2017080205

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFH № 16-16-59006.

Acknowledgements

The author is grateful for assistance in data collection Gasimova V.A and Kovaleva G.V.

For Reference

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