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Современная зарубежная психология

Издатель: Московский государственный психолого-педагогический университет

ISSN (online): 2304-4977

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/jmfp

Издается с 2012 года

Периодичность: ежеквартально

Формат: электронное издание

Язык журнала: русский, английский

Доступ к электронным архивам: открытый

 

Буллинг как групповой феномен: результаты исследования буллинга в Финляндии и скандинавских странах за последние 20 лет (1994-2014) 1857

Ермолова Т.В., кандидат психологических наук, заведующая кафедрой зарубежной и русской филологии, профессор кафедры зарубежной и русской филологии, Москва, Россия, yermolova@mail.ru
Савицкая Н.В., кандидат педагогических наук, доцент ГБОУ ВПО МГППУ, Москва, Россия, n.sawa@yandex.ru

Аннотация

В последнее время в психолого-педагогической литературе все чаще встречаются утверждения, что феномен буллинга (травли, систематического издевательства) должен рассматриваться как «групповой процесс» и коррекционные методы, направленные на профилактику буллинга, должны быть ориентированы на работу с группой, а не на отдельных хулиганов и их жертв. В то же время ученые пока не вполне отчетливо представляют, какие именно изменения должны быть внесены в такого рода групповые отношения и как это можно сделать. В статье представлен обзор данных, полученных финскими, датскими, норвежскими и шведскими учеными, о формах участия группы в запугивании, в том числе о мотивах физических лиц, участвующих в издевательствах, и способах адаптации жертвы буллинга к различным формам группового поведения со сверстниками. Приведен краткий обзор коррекционных мер при работе с группой, участвующей в буллинге, и возможные направления исследований агрессивного поведения детей и подростков по отношению к сверстнику

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