On the Nature of Some Features of Sensory and Perceptual Spheres in Autism Spectrum Disorders



The purpose of present article is the analysis of the existing views to features of the sensory and perceptual spheres in autism, and to nature and mechanisms of development of these spheres. Main existing hypotheses are considered (the Weakness of Central Coherence Phenomenon and the Phenomenon of Enhances Perceptual Functioning), unresolved aspects of a problem are marked out. Particular attention is paid to the variability of not only the thresholds of perception and discomfort, but also the differential sensitivity. The high level of differential sensitivity connected to the ability to distinguish unusually short time intervals which is considered as the core mechanism of the analyzed hypotheses, significantly influencing perception of time in autism and, in particular, mnemonic processes. The possible consequences for development of some kinds of stereotypies and other symptoms of autism, the possible directions and prospects of further investigations are discussed.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, autism, sensory and perceptive spheres

Journal rubric: Expert opinion

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2020180408

For citation: Morozov S.A., Morozova T.I. On the Nature of Some Features of Sensory and Perceptual Spheres in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020. Vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 66–73. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2020180408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Sergey A. Morozov, PhD in Biology, Leading scientific worker of the Centre for Socialization and Personalization of Children Education, Federal Institute of Education Development of Presidential Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7354-2711, e-mail: morozov-ca@mail.ru

Tatiana I. Morozova, Special Teacher, Regional Public Charity Organization “The Society for Autistic Children Care “Dobro”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-5029, e-mail: tim.sam70@yandex.ru



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