Suicidal Risks of Women During Pregnancy and after Delivery

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Abstract

The article contains the review of studies on the suicidal risk during womens’ perinatal period (pregnancy, delivery, first year of child’s life). Aim. The analyze suicidal risk factors of womens’ perinatal period in the context of bio-socio-psychological approach. Results. The prevalence of suicidal ideas and actions during the perinatal period according to different studies is 4% to 30%. Biological factors of suicidal risk are mental health problems, a number of somatic problems, perinatal loss. Among socio-psychological factors are violence form an intimate partner and adverse childhood experience. Socio-demographic factors include low socio-economic status, immigration, substance use, lack of marital relationships, woman’s younger age, third trimester. Conclusion. Womens’ perinatal period is potentially traumatic. The described biological and socio-psychological risk factors dictate the need to identify women form risk groups, i.e. having mental health problems, chronical illnesses, interpersonal difficulties, especially combined with several stressful life events.

General Information

Keywords: suicide, suicidal risk, depression, pregnancy, postpartum, perinatal period

Journal rubric: Research Reviews

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2023310204

Received: 29.04.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Blokh M.E., Grandilevskaya I.V., Savenysheva S., Anikina V.O. Suicidal Risks of Women During Pregnancy and after Delivery . Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2023. Vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 84–98. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2023310204. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Mariia E. Blokh, PhD in Medicine, Associate professor, Division of Child and Parent Mental Health and Early Intervention, Saint Petersburg State University, psychotherapist, Dr D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproduction, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8609-6936, e-mail: blohme@list.ru

Irina V. Grandilevskaya, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Division of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9672-5134, e-mail: grandira@inbox.ru

Svetlana S. Savenysheva, PhD in Psychology, Professor in Department of Psychology of Development at Psychology Faculty, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7529-1493, e-mail: owlsveta@mail.ru

Varvara O. Anikina, PhD in Psychology, associate professor at the chair of early intervention and mental health, department of psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0028-6806, e-mail: v.anikina@spbu.ru

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