Social Representations of Sexual Abuse: Maniac and Victim through the Eyes of Young Men and Women

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Abstract

The study on representations of the maniac and the victim among groups of young men and women was carried out in the framework of the structured approach and S. Moscovici theory of social representations. The representatives of various youth groups were the object of the study. The sample consisted of 224 participants aged 17 years to 31 years - 107 males and 117 females. The subject of the study was social representations of the maniac and the victim. We hypothesized that social representations of the maniac and the victim were different among the separate groups in the study: social representations are diffuse in the group of men and are detailed among women, which is associated with the protective function of representations in each group. The main research method was survey, which included a method of free associations and a modified version of “Myth” questionnaire. The results indicate that the social representations of women about the maniac and the victim are more consistent and detailed than those of men. The options of mechanism “not-me - others” were identified: deindentification and dehumanization. We also show that images of a maniac and a victim become depleted in the context of own representations of a man and a woman.

General Information

Keywords: theory of social representations, protective function of social representations, gender-role qualities, maniac, victim.

Journal rubric: Juridical Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Bovina I.B., Dvoryanchikov N.V., Gutnik A.D., Rikel A.M. Social Representations of Sexual Abuse: Maniac and Victim through the Eyes of Young Men and Women [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2011. Vol. 3, no. 1 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Inna B. Bovina, Doctor of Psychology, Research Director, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9497-6199, e-mail: innabovina@yandex.ru

Nikolay V. Dvoryanchikov, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Dean, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1462-5469, e-mail: dvorian@gmail.com

Anastasiya D. Gutnik, Student, Department of Legal Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education., Moscow, Russia, e-mail: uxa_095@mail.ru

Aleksandr M. Rikel, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Social psychology chair, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6940-4244, e-mail: a.m.rikel@gmail.com

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