The Inclusive Education: Policy Issues and Challenges. The Rights in the Amended Special Edu- cation Law in Israel (1988)



This paper discusses the effects of Special Education law (1918) in Israel and amendments followed in 2002; 2018 on school placement policy and attitudes toward inclusion. The critics on differential budget to different setting that the budget doesn’t support the least restrictive environment concept and inequality in the allocation of resources among students in special education and students integrated in the regular education lead to the amendment nr.11 of Special Education law. Present paper argues that while state policy makes an ongoing effort to increase access to general edu- cation by innovative legislation, increasing the state funding in order to accommodate and meet the needs of students with disabilities in inclusive education the practices of educational institutions perpetuated exclusion from general education. For regular teachers to feel confident in their ability to teach all students, a change in teacher preparation programs should be implemented. A change in teacher preparation programs still needs a profound reform.

General Information

Keywords: inclusion, least restrictive environment, inclusive pedagogy, special education law, educational system, supports in regular class and budgeting policy

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Shaked L. The Inclusive Education: Policy Issues and Challenges. The Rights in the Amended Special Edu- cation Law in Israel (1988). Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020. Vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 14–23. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2020180102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Lea Shaked, PhD, Academic lecturer of the Educational Management and Administration - M.E.d program., Orot Israel college, Israel, ORCID:, e-mail:



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