Cognitive Features in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Diagnosed in Childhood without Intellectual Disabilities

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Abstract

A study of cognitive features in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) adults without intellectual disabilities involved 20 participants diagnosed in childhood with Asperger’s syndrome and atypical autism, 20 respondents with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and 20 neurotypical adults. Following psychological instruments were used “Comparison of concepts” (15 pairs of words), “Fifth extra”, “Fourth extra”. Tools were modified to identify formal thinking disorders in adults. A free-form story was also used. It was found that answers in a sample of adults with ASD, diagnosed in childhood are significantly more often indicating a distortion of the generalization process, rather than answers in a group of neurotypical participants. At the same time, this trend in the autism group is significantly lower than in the schizophrenia group. Following trend also revealed — answers identifying a decrease in the level of generalization and disorders of the motivational cognitive component. This trend is very similar in the groups of autism and schizophrenia, but significantly exceeds in the group of neurotypical subjects

General Information

Keywords: formal thought disorder, autism spectrum disorders, pathopsychological dissociative symptom сluster, organic symptom сluster

Journal rubric: Research & Diagnosis of ASD

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2021190104

For citation: Ivanova M.M., Borodina L.G. Cognitive Features in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Diagnosed in Childhood without Intellectual Disabilities. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021. Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 34–43. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2021190104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Margarita M. Ivanova, student, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3945-5486, e-mail: upk.ivanova@yandex.ru

Lyubov G. Borodina, PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3058-1569, e-mail: bor111a@yandex.ru

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