Social and Psychological Aspects of the Phenomenon of Male Prostitution in the Modern Culture

1299

Abstract

The article presents results of the psychological study of men who have commercial sex with men (MSM CSW). This paper investigates traumatic experiences, personality pathology, life histories and parental images of MSM CSW. The sample consisted of 36 MSM CSW from Russia and developed Western countries. Age of participants ranged from 14 to 20 years. Objectives of the study: general review of the study group based on the examples of Russian and Western respondents, composition of the phenomenological and clinical portraits of the typical representative of this group. Methods used in the study: qualitative semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire on dysfunctional beliefs in the borderline personality disorder. Results: about 65 % of respondents suffer from the borderline personality disorder and all of the respondents have severe traumatic histories; 80 % of the participants report facts of physical or sexual violence in childhood or adolescence. The specifics of parental images of MSM's were shown in the study.

General Information

Keywords: male prostitution, macrosocial factors, borderline personality disorder, physical and sexual abuse, homosexuality, traumatic experience, re-traumatization, parental images.

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Maksimov A.M., Kholmogorova A.B. Social and Psychological Aspects of the Phenomenon of Male Prostitution in the Modern Culture. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2011. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 80–89. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Bodriiyar Zh. Obshestvo potrebleniya. Ego mify i struk­tury. M., 2006.
  2. Bykova A. G. Obshestvennaya i nauchnaya mysl' Rossii 19 — nachala 20 vv. o social'noi sushnosti prostitucii // Istoricheskii ezhegodnik. Omskii gosuniversitet, 1997.
  3. Il'ina S. V. Vliyanie perezhitogo v detstve nasiliya na vozniknovenie lichnostnyh rasstroistv // Voprosy рsi­hologii.1998. № 6.
  4. Kalshed D. Vnutrennii mir travmy: arhetipicheskie zashity lichnostnogo duha. M., 2001.
  5. Kernberg O. Razvitie lichnosti i travma // Zhurn. «Persоnlichkeitsstоrungen», 1999. Elektronnaya versiya: http://bpaonline.ru.
  6. Klassifikaciya boleznei DSM-IV. Amerikanskaya рsihi­atricheskaya оrganizaciya, 1994. Elektronnaya versiya: www.target-21.h1.ru/new/DSM-IV_PD.html.
  7. Klein L. S. Drugaya lyubov'. SPb., 2000.
  8. Kombs D., Fridman D. Konstruirovanie inyh real'nostei. M., 2001.
  9. Kon I. S. Liki i maski odnopoloi lyubvi. Lunnyi svet na zare. M., 2003.
  10. Kristall G. Travma i affekty // Zhurn. рrakticheskoi рsihologii i рsihoanaliza. 2002. № 3, sentyabr'.
  11. Kempbell D. Geroi s tysyach'yu licami. M., 1997.
  12. Lovcova N. I. Gomoseksual'naya subkul'tura i muzhskaya prostituciya // Sociokul'turnyi analiz gendernyh otnoshenii: Sbornik nauch. trudov / Pod red. E. R. Yarskoi-Smirnovoi. Saratov, 1998.
  13. MakFarlein A., Van der Kolk B. Travma i ee vyzov obshestvu // MPZh. 2003. № 1.
  14. Nashhoev M. R., Il'ina S. V. Psihologicheskie osoben­nosti zhenshin, zanimayushihsya ulichnym seks-biznesom // Infekcii, peredayushiesya polovym putem. 2000. № 6.
  15. Padun M. A., Tarabrina N. V. Psihicheskaya travma i bazisnye kognitivnye shemy lichnosti // Moskovskii рsiho­logicheskii zhurnal. 2003. №1.
  16. Porder M. Koncepciya pogranichnogo pacienta // Zhurn. рrakticheskoi рsihologii i рsihoanaliza. 2003. № 2 iyun'.
  17. Psihoanaliticheskie terminy i ponyatiya: Slovar' / Pod red. Barnessa Е. Mura i Bernarda D. Faina. M., 2000.
  18. Rail E. Model' struktury i razvitiya pogranichnogo rasstroistva lichnosti // Zhurn. рrakticheskoi рsihologii i рsi­hoanaliza. 2002. № 2, iyun'.
  19. Sokolova E. T., Il'ina S. V. Rol' emocional'nogo opyta zhertv nasiliya dlya samoidentichnosti zhenshin, zanimayushih­sya prostituciei // Psihologicheskii zhurn. 2000. Т. 21. № 5.
  20. Kholmogorova A. B. Teoreticheskie i empiricheskie osnovaniya integrativnoi terapii rasstroistv affektivnogo spek­tra: Avtoref. ... diss. d-ra psihol. nayk. M., 2006.
  21. Arntz A. Cognitive therapy of Borderline Personality Disorder // A. T. Beck, A. Freeman, D. D. Davis et al. Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders. 2-nd еd. N. Y. & L., 2004.
  22. Ballester Rafael & Gil M. Dolores. Prostitucion Masculina. Estudio psicosocial en nuestro contexto. Promolibro, Valencia, Espana, 1996.
  23. Beck A., Butler A., Brown G., Dahlsgaard K., Newman C., Beck J. Dysfunctional beliefs discriminate personality disor ders // Behaviour research and therapy. 2001. Vol. 39.
  24. Butler A., Brown G., Beck A., Grisham J. Assessment of dysfunctional beliefs in borderline personality disorder // Behaviour research and therapy. 2002. Vol. 40.
  25. Cochran B. N., Stewart A. J., Ginzler J. A., Cauce A. M. Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: Comparison of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts // American Journal of Public Health. 2002. Vol. 92 (5).
  26. Donoso С., Matus C. Estudio. Prostitucion Juvenil Urbana. PIEG — Universidad de Chile. Agosto de 1999.
  27. Farley M., Barkan H. Prostitution, Violence Against Women, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder // Women & Health. 1998. Vol. 27 (3).
  28. Guzman L. G. La prostitucion: Estudio Juridico y Criminologico. Madrid, 1992.
  29. Kearins E. The Secret World of Male Prostitution in Dublin. Dublin, 2000.
  30. Leader D., Groves J. Introducing Lacan. N. Y., 1998.
  31. Minichiello V., Marino R., Browne J., Jamieson M., Peterson K., Reuter B., Robinson K. Commercial Sex between Men: A Prospective Diary-Based Study // The Journal of Sex Research. 2000. Vol. 37.
  32. Potterat J. J., Muth S., Darrow W. Pathways to Prostitution: The Chronology of Sexual Abuse and Drug Abuse Milestones // Journ. of Sex Research. November, 1998. Electronic version: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/ mi_m2372/is_4_35/ai_53390350/.
  33. Smith M. D., Grov C., Seal D. W. Agency-Based Male Sex Work: A Descriptive Focus on Physical, Personal, and Social Space // The Journal of Men's Studies. 2008. Vol. 16.
  34. Smith M. D., Hetrick S., Marino J., McMonegal K., Meyer K. Male Sex Work in a Small U.S. City: HIV Risk, Substance Use, and Mental Health // The Journ. of Sex Research. 2006. Vol. 43.
  35. Van der Kolk B. The Compulsion to Repeat the Trauma: re-enactment, revictimization, and masochism // Psychiatric Clinics of North America. June 1989. Vol. 12, № 2.
  36. Valera R. J., Sawyer R. G., Schiraldi G. R. Violence and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in a Sample of Inner City Street Prostitutes // American Journ. of Health Studies. 2000. Vol. 16 (3).
  37. Vujosevich J. Trabajadores sexuales masculinos // En libro: Jornadas Gino Germani. Vujosevich, Gimenez L., Mariotti P., Rodriguez Godoy C., Rodriguez Justo E. JIIFCS, Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2004.
  38. Walby K. Male Sex Work: A Business Doing Pleasure // The Canadian Journ. of Human Sexuality. 2008. Vol. 17.
  39. West D. J. Male Prostitution: Gay Sex Services in London. L., Duckworth, 1992.
  40. Wright D. Acknowledging the Continuum From Childhood Abuse to Male Prostitution — BC Institute Against Family. Violence, 1995.

Information About the Authors

Arseniy M. Maksimov, Ph.D. Student, Department of Clinical Psychology Counseling psychology chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: arseniy.maximov@gmail.com

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 4821
Previous month: 11
Current month: 5

Downloads

Total: 1299
Previous month: 6
Current month: 2