The Human Self: the Illusion of a Riddle



The paper is an attempt to give an inner outline of F.T. Mikhailov’s logic in the study of the human Self. The principles of analysis and the meaningful path of becoming the Self are analyzed, from the problem of the emergence of the mind to the developed, creative and free personality. Reflection of logical categories and their formal and substantive connection with the problems and methods of theoretical research in psychology is carried out. The paper shows the dialectic of the concept of the Self — both in the objective reality and in the self-consciousness of the individual. The subjectness of the Self is presented as an expression of the social whole and the internal logic of its development. This logic of the whole is the potential basis of the creative ability of the Self. The creativity arises in the contradiction between the universal and the specific, the distinction of which is, according to F.T. Mikhailov, the most difficult problem. But it is precisely in the solution of this problem that the solution to the phenomenon of the Self lies. And thus of freedom as the objective self-determination of man in being and in thinking. The reproduction of the logic of thought of F.T. Mikhailov is carried out by the author in his own synthesis of problems that highlight the main line in understanding the problem of the Self.

General Information

Keywords: mind, consciousness, Self, subjectivity, logic, concept, psychology, philosophy, F.T. Mikhailov

Journal rubric: Memorable Dates


For citation: Lobastov G.V. The Human Self: the Illusion of a Riddle . Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2021. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 20–27. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2021170104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Gennady V. Lobastov, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Professor, Moscow Aviation Institute, President, the Russian Philosophical Society “Dialectics and Culture”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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