The Relationship Between Multiple Identities and Social Capital in the Post-Soviet Space: an Intergenerational Analysis



This study aims to identify the associations between multiple identities (ethnic, civil, religious, Soviet, civilizational) and two types of social capital (bridging and bonding) in two post-Soviet republics: Estonia and Kyrgyzstan. In both republics, the sample included representatives of two generations of ethnic Russians and representatives of the ethnic majority (the Estonians and the Kyrgyz), with at least 150 respondents in each group, so the total sample was 1,296 respondents. The authors used their own techniques to evaluate multiple identities, and a modified version of the social resource generator was used to evaluate bridging and bonding social capital. The results of the study showed that the younger generation in the post-Soviet space tends to have lower social capital, especially the bridging one. "Soviet" identity in the ethnic Russians is not associated with social capital, whereas in the representatives of the ethnic majority it is. Religious identity proved to be an important factor of both types of social capital in all the groups considered. The civic identity is linked to the bridging social capital in the Russians in both republics. Among the Estionian and Kyrgyz young people, ethnic identity is strongly associated with their bonding social capital. Also, the "European" identity of both generations of the Estonians demonstrated a strong association with the bonding social capital.

General Information

Keywords: bridging social capital, bonding social capital, trust, post-Soviet space, multiple identities

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


Funding. This work was supported by grant RSF (№ 20-18-00268).

Received: 18.08.2021


For citation: Tatarko A.N., Tsuikina N.V. The Relationship Between Multiple Identities and Social Capital in the Post-Soviet Space: an Intergenerational Analysis. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2021. Vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 65–73. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2021170407.


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Information About the Authors

Alexander N. Tatarko, Doctor of Psychology, Chief Research Fellow, Center for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Employee of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Natalia V. Tsuikina, PhD in Philology, Senior Lecturer, School of Humanities, Tallinn University, Tallinn, Estonia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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