Сognitive-behavioral treatment in: posttraumatic stress disorder

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Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common reaction to traumatic events. Many people recover in the several months after trigger event, but in a significant subgroup the symptoms persist, often for years. Basic assumptions of integrative cognitive model proposed for stress symptoms chronification (Ehlers A., Clark D., 2000) are presented in the current article. It is suggested that PTSD becomes persistent when individuals process the trauma in a way that leads to a sense of serious threat: 1) excessively negative appraisals of the trauma and its sequelae; 2) a disturbance of autobiographical memory characterised by strong associative bonds; 3) problematic behavioural and cognitive strategies of coping; 4) previous trauma experience and cognitive schemas. Basic cognitive-behavioral strategies in PTSD treatment are outlined.

General Information

Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder, integrative cognitive model of PTSD, cognitive-behavioral treatment of PTSD

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Garanyan N.G. Сognitive-behavioral treatment in: posttraumatic stress disorder. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2013. Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 46–72. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Natalia G. Garanyan, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Associate Professor, leading researcher at the Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, member of the editorial board of the journal "Consultative Psychology and Psychotherapy", Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1227-2682, e-mail: garanian@mail.ru

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