Social cognition in anxiety disorders (review of foreing studies)



Social cognition is becoming increasingly popular topic of research, both in domestic and in foreign science. There is little data about the specifics of the process of social cognition of patients with anxiety disorders. The paper presents an overview of modern foreign studies of social cognition in anxiety disorders. Describes the determination of the specific disorders of social cognition in patients with post¬traumatic stress disorder, social phobia and some others. It is concluded that the contradictory findings and the need for further research.

General Information

Keywords: social cognition, emotion recognition, mentalization, anxiety disorders, social anxiety

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Krasnova-Goleva V.V. Social cognition in anxiety disorders (review of foreing studies). Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2015. Vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 153–165. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Garanjan N.G., Holmogorova A.B. Integracija semejnoj sistemnoj i kognitivno­bihev­ioral'noj psihoterapii v lechenii bol'nyh s hronificirovannymi formami trevozhnyh rasstrojstv. Sovremennaja terapija psihicheskih rasstrojstv. 2013. № 1. C. 34—41.
  2. Achim A.M., Guitton M., Jackson P. L., Boutin A., Monetta L. On whatground do we mentalize? Characteristics of current tasks and sources of infor­mation that con­tribute to mentalizing judgments. // Psychological Assessment. 2012. doi. org/10. 1037/a0029137, pii: 2012­16773­001
  3. Allen J.L., Abbott M.J., Rapee R.M., Coltheart M. Recognition of expressions of disgust by children with obsessive­compulsive disorder // Behaviour Change. 2006. № 23. Pp. 239—249.
  4. Amir N., Foa E.B., Coles M.E. Negative interpretation bias in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1998a. № 36. Pp. 945—957.
  5. Amir N., Foa E.B., Coles M.E. Automatic activation and strategic avoidance of threat­relevant information in individuals with generalized social phobia // Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 1998. № 109. Pp. 285—290.
  6. Banerjee R., Henderson L. Social­cognitive factors in childhood social anxiety: a pre­liminary investigation // Social Development. 2001. № 10. Pp. 558—572.
  7. Bogels S.M., Mansell W. Attention processes in the maintenance and treatment of social phobia // Behaviour Research and Therapy. № 38. Pp. 273—283.
  8. Coles M.E., Heimberg R.G., Schofield C.A. Interpretation of facial expression and social anxiety: specificity and source of biases // Cognition and Emotion. 2008. № 22. Pp. 1159—1173.
  9. Demenescu L.R., Kortekaas R., den Boer J.A., Aleman A. Impaired Attribution of Emotion to Facial Expressions in Anxiety and Major Depression. 2010. PLoS ONE 5(12): e15058. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015058.
  10. Easter J.B.S, McClure E.B., Monk C.S., Dhanani M., Hodgdon H., et al. Emotion recog­nition deficit in pediatric anxiety disorder: implication for amygdala research // Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. 2005. № 15. Pp. 563—570.
  11. Esteves F. Attentional bias to emotional facial expressions // European Review of Applied Psychology.1999. № 49. Pp. 91—97.
  12. Fett A.K.J., Viechtbauer W., Dominguez M.D.G., Penn D.L., Van Os, J., Krabbendam L. The relationship between neurocognition andsocial cognition with functional out­comes in schizophrenia: a meta­analysis // Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 2011. № 35(3). Pp. 573—588.
  13. Garner M.J., Mogg K., Bradley. Orienting and maintenance of attention to facial expressions in social anxiety: Eye movement study // Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies, Prague, September 2003.
  14. Gentili C., Ricciardi E., Gobbini M.I., Santarelli M.F., Haxby J.V., Pietrini P., Guazzel­li M. Beyond amygdala: default mode network activity differs between patients with social phobia and healthy controls // Brain Research Bulletin. 2009. № 79. Pp. 409—413.
  15. Gilboa-Schechtman E., Foa E.B., Amir N. Attentional biases for facial expressions in social phobia: The face­in­the­crowd paradigm // Cognition and Emotion. 1999. № 13. Pp. 305—318.
  16. Green M.F., Penn D.L., Bentall R., Carpenter W.T., Gaebel W., Gur R.C., et al. Social cognition in schizophrenia: an NIMH workshop on definitions, assessment, and research opportunities // Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2008. № 34(6). Pp. 1211—1220.
  17. Guyer A.E., McClure E.B., Adler A.D., Abrotman M., Rich B.A., et al. Specificity of facial expression labeling deficits in childhood psychopathology // Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2007. № 48. Pp. 863—871.
  18. Heinrichs N., Hofmann S.G. Information processing in social phobia: a critical review // Clinical Psychology Review. 2001. № 21. Pp. 751—770.
  19. Hirsch C.R., Clark D.M. Information­processing bias in social phobia // Clinical Psychology Review. 2004. № 24. Pp. 799—825.
  20. Jacobs M., Snow J., Geraci M., Vythilingam M., Blair R.J., Charney D.S., Pine D.S., Blair K.S. Association between level of emotional intelligence and severity in gener­alized social phobia // Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2008. № 22. Pp. 1487—1495.
  21. Kaufman R.E., Gold A.L., Fischman A.J., Pollack M.H., Rauch S.L. A PET study of tiagabine treatment implicates ventral medial prefrontal cortex in generalized social anxiety disorder // Neuropsycho pharmacology. 2009. № 34. Pp. 390—398.
  22. Kessler H., Roth J., von Wietersheim J., Deighton R.M., Traue H.C. Emotion recogni­tion patterns in patients with panic disorder // Depression and Anxiety 2007. № 24. Pp. 223—226.
  23. Maat A., Fett A.K., Derks E. Social cognitionand quality of life in schizophrenia. // Schizophrenia research. 2012. № 137(1—3). Pp. 212—218.
  24. Machado-de-Sousa J.P., Arrais K.C., Alves N.T., Chagas M.H.N., de Meneses-Gaya C., Crippa J.A. et al. Facial affect processing in socialanxiety: tasks and stimuli // Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 2010. № 193(1). Pp. 1—6.
  25. Manassis K., Young A. Perception of emotions in anxious and learning disabled chil­dren. Depression and Anxiety. 2000. № 12. P. 209—216.
  26. Mazza M., Costagliola C., Di Michele V., Magliani V., Pollice R., Ricci A. et al. Deficit of social cognition in subjects with surgicallytreated frontal lobe lesions and in sub­jects affected by schizophrenia // European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. 2007. № 257(1). Pp. 12—22.
  27. Mazza M., Giusti L., Albanese A., Mariano M., Pino M.C., Roncone R. Social cognition disorders in military police officers affected by posttraumaticstress disorder after the attack of An­Nasiriyah in Iraq // Psychiatry Research. 2012. № 3. P. 248—252.
  28. McClure E.B., Pope K., Hoberman A.J., Pine D.S., Leibenluft E. Facial expression recognition in adolescents with mood and anxiety disorders // American Journal of Psychiatry. 2003. № 160. Pp. 1172—1174.
  29. Melfsen S., Florin I. Do socially anxious children show deficits in classifying facial expres­sions of emotions? // Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 2002. № 26. Pp. 109—126.
  30. Mendlowicz M.V., Stein M.B. Quality of life in individuals withanxiety disorders // American Journal of Psychiatry. 2000. № 157(5). P. 669—682.
  31. Mogg K., Bradley B.P. Selective orienting of attention to masked threat faces in social anxiety // Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2002. № 40. Pp. 1403—1414.
  32. Mohlman J., Carmin C.N., Price R.B. Jumping to interpretations: social anxiety disor­der and the identification of emotional facial expressions // Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2007. № 45. Pp. 591—599.
  33. O'Toole M.S., Hougaard E., Mennin D.S. Social anxiety and emotion knowledge: a meta­analysis // Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2012. № 27(1). Pp. 98—108.
  34. Olatunji B.O., Cisler J.M., Tolin D.F. Quality of life in the anxiety disorders: a meta­analytic review // Clinical Psychology Review. 2007. № 27(5) Pp. 572—581.
  35. Plana I., Lavoie M-A., Battaglia M., Achim A.M. A meta­analysis and scoping review of social cognition performance in social phobia, posttraumatic stress disorder and other anxiety disorders // Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2014. № 28. Pp. 169—177.
  36. Pozo C., Carver C.S., Wellens A.R., Scheier M.F. Social anxiety and social perception: Construing others' reactions to the self // Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 1991. № 17. Pp. 355—362.
  37. Simonian S.J., Beidel D.C., Turner S.M., Berkes J.L., Long J.H. Recognition of facial affect by children and adolescents diagnosed with social phobia. //Child Psychiatry and Human Development. № 2001. № 32. Pp. 137—145.
  38. Somers J.M., Goldner E.M., Waraich P., Hsu L. Prevalence and incidence studies of anxiety disorders: a systematic review of the literature // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2006. № 51(2). Pp. 100—113.
  39. Sripada C.S., Angstadt M., Banks S., Nathan P.J., Liberzon, I., Phan K.L. Functional neuroimaging of mentalizing during the trust gamein social anxiety disorder.// Neuroreport. 2009. № 20(11). Pp. 984—989.
  40. Sripada C.S., Angstadt M., Banks S., Nathan P.J., Liberzon I., Luan K. Functional neu­roimaging of mentalizing during the trust game in social anxiety disorder.// Neuro Report. 2009. № 20. Pp. 984—989.
  41. Stein M.B., Roy-Byrne P.P., Craske M. G., Bystritsky L., Sullivan G., Pyne J.M. et al. Functional impact and health utility of anxiety disorders inprimary care outpa­tients // Medical Care. 2005. № 43(12). Pp. 1164—1170.
  42. Stopa L., Clark D.M. Social phobia and interpretation of social events // Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2000. № 38. Pp. 273—283.
  43. Summerfeldt L.J., Kloosterman P.H., Antony M.M., Parker J.D.A. Social anxiety, emo­tional intelligence, and interpersonal adjustment // Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 2006. № 28. Pp. 57—68.
  44. Sutterby S.R., Bedwell J.S., Passler J.S., Deptula A.E., Mesa F. Social anxiety and social cognition: The in fluence of sex // Psychiatry Research. 2012. № 197. Pp. 242— 245.
  45. Vassilopoulos S. Anticipatory processing plays a role in maintaining social anxiety. // Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 2005. № 18. Pp. 321—332.
  46. Veljaca K.A., Rapee R.M. Detection of negative and positive audience behaviours by socially anxious subjects // Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1998. № 36. Pp. 311—321.

Information About the Authors

Victoria V. Krasnova-Goleva, PhD in Psychology, esearch fellow of the laboratory of clinical psychology and psychotherapy, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2521
Previous month: 8
Current month: 0


Total: 1181
Previous month: 7
Current month: 1