Psychotherapy of everydya life (phenomenological study of dialogue)

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Abstract

This article is devoted to the phenomenon of dialogue in everyday psychotherapy. The results of phenomenological research are illustrated by fragments of the interviews. Dialogue (as the occurrence оf life, a genesis event according to M.M. Bakhtin) is characterized by the following features: personal nature of communication that is not role-based; naturalness of speech; expressed purpose of supporting the “client”; the counselor’s authority in the eyes of the “client”; the novelty of the content; substantial changes in the state of the client. We distinguish between two basic types of dialogues: a dialogue with a predominant activity of a “client” and a dialogue with a predominant activity of a “counselor”. We note that within the framework of the dialogical approach it is possible to speak about a particular isomorphism of the phenomena of professional and everyday psychotherapy; we analyze the possibilities of considering the dialogue as a kind of a “connective tissue” of professional and everyday psychotherapy.

General Information

Keywords: psychotherapy, dialogue, everyday psychotherapy, counselor, client, hearing, understanding, “counter-word”

Journal rubric: Workshop and Methods

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2017250407

For citation: Kopyev A.F., Topolskaja T.A. Psychotherapy of everydya life (phenomenological study of dialogue). Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2017. Vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 94–114. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2017250407. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Andrey F. Kopyev, PhD in Psychology, Professor at the Individual and Group Psychotherapy Department at the Faculty of Counseling Psychology at, Senior Researcher at the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Member of the editorial board of the journal “Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy”, Moscow, Russia

T. A. Topolskaja, Consulting company “MM-Сlass”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: topolskaya@mmclass.ru

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