Psychological Characteristics of Self-Image and Self-Assessment in Adolescents with Impaired Renal Functioning of Different Severity



The article presents the study results of the features of self-assessment and self-image of three groups of adolescents: with a mild degree of renal failure, in the terminal stage (waiting for a kidney transplant) and healthy, who formed the control group. The main results of the comparative analysis of these groups were the identification of similarities or minor differences in the parameters of self-assessment and self-image among healthy adolescents and adolescents with mild renal dysfunction, as well as the identification of statistically significant differences between the first two groups and the group of adolescents in the terminal stage of kidney disease on a number of scales and indicators. These differences are found, first of all, in higher egocentricity, uncritical, in poor, superficial and poorly differentiated representation of themselves in adolescents of the last group. Their self- assessment is low, while the level of claims is high and particularly sharply overstated on the Health scale; there is a significant gap between the assessment of the available condition and the desired one.

General Information

Keywords: adolescents, self-image, self-assessment, level of claims, self-characteristics, renal dysfunction, diseases of different severity

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Vachkov I., Zaruba D.A., Kurtanova Yu.E. Psychological Characteristics of Self-Image and Self-Assessment in Adolescents with Impaired Renal Functioning of Different Severity [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2018. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 45–65. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2018070303. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Agalarova K.N. Vospriyatie podrostkami bol`nichnoj sredy` [Elektronnyi resurs] [Adolescent’s perception of hospital spaces]. Klinicheskaya i special`naya psixologiya [Clinical Psychology and Special Education], 2016, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33–44 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.). doi:10.17759/cpse.2016050103
  2. Buslaeva A.S. Roditel`skie vospitatel`ny`e ustanovki pri xronicheskom somaticheskom zabolevanii rebenka (na materiale yunosheskogo revmatoidnogo artrita) [Parental Attitude to Upbringing the Child with Chronic Somatic Disease (Based on Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaya i special`naya psixologiya [Clinical Psychology and Special Education], 2016, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 61–75. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.). doi:10.17759/cpse.2016050405
  3. Vasil`eva I.A. Kachestvo zhizni bol`ny`x pri lechenii gemodializom: biologicheskie i psixosocial`ny`e faktory`, metody` ocenki i podxody` k korrekcii: avtoref. dis. … dok. psixol. nauk [Quality of life of patients with hemodialysis treatment: biological and psychosocial factors, assessment methods and approaches to correction. Dr. Sci. (Psychology). Thesis]. Saint-Petersburg, 2010. 45 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Venger A.L. Psixologicheskie risunochny`e testy`: Illyustrirovannoe rukovodstvo [Psychological Picture Tests: Illustrated Guide]. Moscow: Vlados-Press, 2003. 160 p.
    (In Russ.).
  5. Isaev D.N. Formirovanie vnutrennej kartiny` bolezni u detej i psixosomaticheskaya situaciya [Formation of the internal picture of the disease in children and psychosomatic situation]. Voprosy` psixicheskogo zdorov`ya detej i podrostkov [Questions of mental health of children and adolescents], 2001, no. 1, pp. 20-31. (In Russ.).
  6. Kurtanova Yu.E. Vozmozhnosti psixologicheskoj reabilitacii pacientov s pervichny`mi limfedemami [Elektronnyi resurs] [The Possibilities of Psychological Rehabilitation of Patients with Primary Lymphedema]. Klinicheskaya i special`naya psixologiya [Clinical Psychology and Special Education], 2016, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 118–127. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.). doi:10.17759/cpse.2016050409
  7. Obuxova L.F. Vozrastnaya psixologiya [Age psychology]. Moscow: Yurajt, 2010. 460 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Prixozhan A.M. Diagnostika lichnostnogo razvitiya detej podrostkovogo vozrasta [Diagnosis of the personal development of adolescent children]. Moscow: ANO «PE`B», 2007. 56 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Rumyanceva T.V. Psixologicheskoe konsul`tirovanie: diagnostika otnoshenij v pare [Psychological counseling: diagnosis of relationships in pairs]. Saint-Petersburg: Rech`, 2006. 176 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Svistunova E.V. Rebenok i bolezn`: psixologicheskij aspekt problemy` [Child and illness: the psychological aspect of the problem]. Pediatriya [Pediatric], 2010, no. 3,
    pp. 54–58. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  11. Sokolova E.T., Nikolaeva V.V. Osobennosti lichnosti pri pogranichny`x rasstrojstvax i somaticheskix zabolevaniyax [Features of personality in borderline disorders and somatic diseases]. Moscow: SvR-Argus, 1995. 359 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Fantalova E.B. Ya-obraz v usloviyax perezhivaniya vnutrennix konfliktov u studentov [Self-image in terms of the experience of internal conflicts in students]. In
    N.A. Baturina (ed.) Sovremennaya psixodiagnostika Rossii. Preodolenie krizisa: sbornik materialov III Vserossijskoj konferencii po psixologicheskoj diagnostike [Modern psychodiagnostics Russia. Overcoming the crisis: proceedings of the III all-Russian conference on psychological diagnosis], 2015, vol. 2, pp. 184–187. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  13. Kharlamenkova N.E. Samoutverzhdenie podrostka [Self-affirmation of a teenager]. Moscow: publ. of IP RAS, 2007. 384 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Erikson E. Identichnost`: yunost` i krizis [Identity: youth and crisis] Moscow: Progress, 1996. 342 p. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Igor Vachkov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

D. A. Zaruba, Co-Worker, Charity Fund "Your territory", Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Yulia E. Kurtanova, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department of Special Psychology and Rehabilitation, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 1902
Previous month: 11
Current month: 8


Total: 913
Previous month: 7
Current month: 1