Identity of Patients with Reflux Disease in Connection with Aggression

211

Abstract

The study tested the hypothesis of difference of personality identity in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and healthy individuals and of association of difference with manifestations of aggressiveness. The sample of 75 subjects includes an experimental group of 45 patients, aged 21 to 38 years old (M=27.85, SD=3.21), with an established diagnosis of GERD, 66.7% men and 33.3% women. Control group of 30 normal individuals aged 21 to 32 years (М=26.90, SD=3.87), who do not have a history of GERD, 66.0% men and 40.0% women. The methodological complex includes: Method for the Study of Personal Identity Schneider (MILES); Questionnaire for Objective Measurement of Status Ego-Identity (adaption by Gavrilova, Glushak); ISTA (Tupitsyn et al.); the method “Types of aggressiveness” (Pochebut); Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory. The diffuse identity was revealed in 48.9% of patient group, the "moratorium" identity status was revealed in 20.0%, while achieved positive identity, premature identity, and pseudo-positive identity were found in 17.7%, 6.7%, and 6.7% of patients, accordingly. The "moratorium" identity status was revealed in 30.0% of normal group, while achieved positive identity, "moratorium" identity, and pseudo-positive identity were found in 26.6%, 23.3%, and 16.7% of patients, accordingly. Also, in GERD patients following connections with different aggression indicators were revealed depending on the identity status: the status of the adopted identity is directly related to the object aggression; the status of a moratorium related with the deficit aggression, the status of achieved identity related with the indirect aggression and guilt. Personal identity indicator corresponds to the status of accepted and diffuse identity. It was revealed that the lower state of personal identity indicator connected to the higher state of the irritation and hostility in patients. The control group did not reveal significant links between the indicators of identity and indicators of aggression.

General Information

Keywords: gastroesophageal reflux, personality, identity, aggression, central self-functions

Journal rubric: Personality and Somatic Disease: Risks and Opportunities

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2022110102

Received: 01.07.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Kravtsova N.A., Kinyaykina E.V., Trukhan V.V. Identity of Patients with Reflux Disease in Connection with Aggression [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2022. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 23–43. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2022110102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Natalia A. Kravtsova, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology, Pacific State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, PhD in Medical Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2841-4144, e-mail: kranatali@yandex.ru

Elena V. Kinyaykina, PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor of the Institute of Therapy, Pacific State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Vladivostok, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9887-6761, e-mail: elen5555@mail.ru

Veronika V. Trukhan, Clinical Psychologist, Center for Psychophysiological Diagnostics, Medical and Sanitary Unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the Primorsky Territory, Vladivostok, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5541-8602, e-mail: nikulya_95@mail.ru

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