Individual differences in the process of object-oriented comparison



The theoretical and empirical aspects of the problem of individual differences as manifested in the process of comparing objects and concepts are considered. The results of empirical study, which identified individual differences in subjective estimation of the value of the minute similarity between two differing objects, are presented. It is shown that these differences are related to the peculiarities of verbalizations, i.e. the proportion of descriptions in terms of similarities and differences between objects, as well as the parameters of comparison. The results suggest a constructivist nature of the process of comparison as a whole and the subjective estimation of the value of the similarity in particular.

General Information

Keywords: similarity, individual differences, verbalization

Journal rubric: Psychology of Personality

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Samoylenko E.S., Melkumyan T.A. Individual differences in the process of object-oriented comparison. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2014. Vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 83–99. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Elena S. Samoylenko, Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology of RAS, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Tamara A. Melkumyan, Psychologist, Graduate of the State Academic University of Human Sciences, e-mail:



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