Subjective quality of life and psychological adaptation of individuals with low, normal and high level of escapism



The article presents the results of a study of Subjective quality of life and Psychological adaptation level among individuals with low, normal and high level of Escapism (N=329, 18-52 years old Russians from big cities). Four tests were applied including the new Escapism Scale. Individual with high level of Escapism have lower Subjective quality of life in several parameters — Stability in Country, Confidence in Future, Ecology, Social recognition, Interesting Job, Health and Active life, Internal Harmony and Inner Conflict absence, Privacy (as a Personal Space), Self-Confidence, (Subjective well-being Questionnaire, T. Savchenko, G. Golovina). ‘Excessive’ escapists also demonstrate lower level of psychological adaptation including Self-acceptance, Loyalty, Internality, Emotional Comfort, Intention to dominate (SPA Questionnaire, C. Rogers, R. Diamond). Because of that, Escapism can be characterized mainly as a compensational mechanism which emerges due to the reduced level of an individual’s adaptation to his/her social environment. The consistence of theoretical layout and empirical data obtained confirm the validity of presented Escapism Scale and its applicability for further empirical research.

General Information

Keywords: escapism, psychological adaptation, subjective quality of life, avoidance, coping, addiction, hobby, leisure activities

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Funding. This work was supported by grant RFH № 16-06-01085.

For citation: Teslavskaia O.I., Savchenko T.N. Subjective quality of life and psychological adaptation of individuals with low, normal and high level of escapism. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2019. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 162–176. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2019120212. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Oksana I. Teslavskaia, Research Fellow of the Center for Risk Monitoring and Social-Psychological Support, Academy of Public Administration, Postgraduate student of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Tatyana N. Savchenko, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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