Peculiarities of oculomotor activity in person perception of different ethnoses’ communicants by their faces

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Abstract

The aim study was to study the characteristics of oculomotor activity in the perception of individuals, representatives of different ethnic groups in solving the problem of assessing the psychological characteristics of perceived models. As a stimulus material, photographs of full-faces, representatives of Kabardian and Tuvan ethnic groups were used. The study participants — Tuvans (n = 137) and Kabardins (n = 98) evaluated the severity of the individual psychological characteristics of models on 4 scales: “irresponsible — conscientious”, “closed — open”, “irritable — unperturbed”, “fair — unjust”. At the time of presentation of the stimulus faces, the oculomotor activity of the subjects was recorded — the dwell time and the number of fixations. The study revealed that a significant factor determining the peculiarities of oculomotor activity is not the ethnicity of the perceived models and not the specificity of the evaluated individual psychological traits, but the ethnicity of the subjects.

General Information

Keywords: eye movements, person perception, interpersonal assessment, face, Kabardians, Tuvans

Journal rubric: Psychology of Perception

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130112

Funding. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 17-78-20226 “Cross-cultural features of the functioning of cognitive, communicative, emotional and regulative processes among representatives of different ethnic groups”.

Acknowledgements. The author is grateful for the assistance in collecting and analyzing experimental data I.A. Basyul.

For citation: Demidov A.A. Peculiarities of oculomotor activity in person perception of different ethnoses’ communicants by their faces. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2020. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 159–170. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2020130112. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alexander A. Demidov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Experimental Psychology, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6660-5761, e-mail: demidov@inpsycho.ru

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