Semantic Equivalence as the Basis for Intermodal Integration



We studied the mechanisms of combining sensory information across different modalities. The results of the experimental study indicate that when comparing objects in different modalities, observers rely not on modal-specific characteristics, but on general semantic content. Similar results were obtained for two types of comparison: verbal (the words denoting a particular emotion were compared with pictures of emotions) and non-verbal, where pictures of emotions and emotional faces were the objects of comparison. In addition, the data of the conducted study indicate that the semantic content is successfully extracted both during a sufficiently long stimuli presentation (2 s) and when solving a near-threshold problem (reducing the exposure time to 30 ms, as well as to 30 ms with forward mask), i.e. in the absence of time for the formation of a representation, which indicates the presence of early semantic information processing. Importantly, reducing the exposure time to near-threshold values in some cases leads to a more efficient comparison of objects. We suggest that the same cognitive mechanism underlies the comparison and integration of heterogeneous objects of any modality.

General Information

Keywords: intermodal integration, comparison of objects of different modality, semantic congruence, emotional similarity

Journal rubric: Face Science

Article type: scientific article


Received: 29.07.2021


For citation: Lupenko E.A., Korolkova O.A. Semantic Equivalence as the Basis for Intermodal Integration. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 159–177. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150311. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Elena A. Lupenko, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Olga A. Korolkova, PhD in Psychology, professor, Leading Research Associate, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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