Speech Intentions and Referential Objects in Discourse of Social Media (Based on the Discussions in the Context of Lockdown)

60

Abstract

The article continues the series of studies directed at concretizing the ideas about the functioning of Internet discourse, and contains the results of the research on the discourse of social media, which reflects, forms and transforms the positions of Internet users, their assessment of current events. The aim of the research is to analyze the topical content and to reveal the peculiarities of its intentional organization. The material of the study is 6 informational messages about the lockdown announced due to a sharp increase in the number of COVID-19 cases, and their discussion on various Internet sites (168 participants; 326 comments, =54, min=46, max=63). Social media discourse is highly dialogic. Its general communicative structure and thematic specificity related to the topic of discussion are revealed. Using the intent-analysis method, a change in the intentional content of the discourse relative to the initiating post and a significant increase in the number of referential objects is shown. A tendency was found to strengthen the role of negative intentions of social media discourse, which correlates with the need for joint understanding of the problem situation and, at the same time, with verbal aggression directed at the interlocutor.

General Information

Keywords: discourse of social media, Internet-discourse, intent-analysis, COVID-19 pandemic, lockdown, speech intentions of interlocutors, referential objects of discourse, intensity of negative intentions

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150409

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Scientific Foundation (RSF), project number No. 22-28-01511.

Received: 05.05.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Pavlova N.D., Afinogenova V.A., Kubrak T.A., Zachesova I.A. Speech Intentions and Referential Objects in Discourse of Social Media (Based on the Discussions in the Context of Lockdown). Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 139–156. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150409. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Afinogenova V.A., Pavlova N.D. Intentsional'nye kategorii povsednevnogo diskursa v studencheskoi srede [Intentional categories of everyday discourse in the student community]. In Zuravlev A.L., Pavlova N.D., Zachesova I.A. (eds.) Psikhologiya diskursa. Problemy determinatsii, vozdeistviya, bezopasnosti [The Psychology of Discourse. Problems of determination, influence, and security]. Moscow: Publ. Institut psikhologii RAN, 2016, pp. 102—127. (In Russ.).
  2. Bakshutova E.V., Rulina T.K. Konfrontatsionnye ustanovki diskussionnykh soobshchestv russkoyazychnogo sektora seti FACEBOOK [Confrontational attitudes of discussion communities in the Russian-speaking sector of the FACEBOOK network]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Sotsiologiya. Politologiya. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Bulletin of Udmurt University. Sociology. Political Science. International relations], 2019, no. 3(4), pp. 402—408. DOI:10.35634/2587-9030-2019-3-4-402-408 (In Russ.).
  3. Vliyanie pandemii na lichnost' i obshchestvo: psikhologicheskie mekhanizmy i posledstviya [The Impact of the Pandemic on Person and Society: Psychological Mechanisms and Consequences / eds. T. A. Nestik, A. L. Zhuravlev, A. E. Vorobyeva]. Moscow: Publ. Institut psikhologii RAN, 2021. 572 p. DOI:10.38098/fund_21_0442(In Russ.).
  4. Vorontsova T.A. Trolling ifleiming: rechevaya agressiya v internet-kommunikatsii [Trolling and Flaming: Verbal Aggression in Internet Communication]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Seriya: Istoriya i filologiya [Bulletin of the Udmurt University. Series: History and Philology], 2016, no. 26(2), pp. 109—116. (In Russ.).
  5. Vulfovich B.G. Lingvopragmaticheskii potentsial kommentariya kak komponenta politicheskogo internet-diskursa. Avtopef. diss. kand. filol. nauk. [The Linguistic and Pragmatic Potential of Commentary as a Component of Political Internet Discourse. Ph. D. (Philology) Thesis]. Krasnodar, 2021. (In Russ.).
  6. Vyrovtseva E.V., Ivanova D.M. Kommentator kak sub"ekt rechevoi kommunikatsii: lingvokul'turnye tipy [The Commentator as a Subject of Speech Communication: Linguistic and Cultural Types]. Znak: problemnoe pole mediaobrazovaniya [Znak: The Problem Field of Media Education], 2020, no. 3(37), pp. 105—115. DOI:10.24411/2070-0695-2020-10315 (In Russ.).
  7. Gradoselskaya G., Pilgun M. Kommunikativnye protsessy v setevoi srede: mezhdistsiplinarnyi analiz politicheski aktivnykh soobshchestv v Feisbuke [Communicative Processes in the Network Environment: the Interdisciplinary Analysis of Politically Active Communities on Facebook]. Voprosy psikholingvistiki [Journal of Psycholinguistics], 2015, no. 26(4). pp. 44—58. (In Russ.).
  8. Grebelnik T.V. Kommunikativnyi potentsial morfologicheskikh sredstv russkogo yazyka v messendzhere WhatsApp [Communicative potential of morphological means of the Russian language in the messenger WhatsApp]. Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki [Philological Sciences. Voprosy teorii i praktika], 2022, no. 15(2), pp. 407—412. (In Russ.).
  9. Grebenshchikova T.A., Zachesova I.A. Psikhologiya povsednevnogo diskursa: Intentsional'nyi aspekt [The Psychology of Everyday Discourse: The Intentional Aspect]. Moscow: Publ. Institut psikhologii RAN, 2014. 208 p.(In Russ.).
  10. Grebenshchikova T.A., Pavlova N.D., Afinogenova V.A. Modifikatsiya intentsional'nogo prostranstva v postsobytiinom internet-diskurse [Modification of Intentional Space in Post-event Internet Discourse]. In Zuravlev A.L., Pavlova N.D., Zachesova I.A. (eds.) Psikhologiya diskursa. Problemy determinatsii, vozdeistviya, bezopasnosti [The Psychology of Discourse. Problems of determination, influence, and security]. Moscow: Publ. Institut psikhologii RAN, 2016, pp. 201—219. (In Russ.).
  11. Zhuravlev A.L., Kitova D.A. Kognitivnye i emotsional'nye osobennosti otnosheniya naseleniya k pandemii: internet-issledovanie [Cognitive and Emotional Pandemic Attitudes: An Internet Study]. In T. A. Nestik, A. L. Zhuravlev, A. E. Vorobyeva (eds.) Vliyanie pandemii na lichnost' i obshchestvo: psikhologicheskie mekhanizmy i posledstviya [Pandemic Effects on Individuals and Society: Psychological Mechanisms and Consequences]. Moscow: Publ. Institut psikhologii RAN, 2021, pp. 157—196. (In Russ.).
  12. Zhuravlev, A.L., Kitova D.A. Analiz interesa naseleniya k informatsii o pandemii koronavirusa (na primere pol'zovatelei poiskovykh system interneta) [Analysis of public interest in information about the pandemic coronavirus (on the example of users of Internet search systems)]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2020, no. 41(4), pp. 5—18. DOI:10.31857/S020595920010383-7 (In Russ.).
  13. Zaitseva I.P. «Koronapsikhoz», «koronaskeptiki», «covidism», «covidophobia» i drugie sotsiolingvisticheskie markery 2020 g. ["Coronapsychosis," "coronaskeptics," "covidism," "covidophobia," and other sociolinguistic markers of 2020] // Kommunikativnye issledovaniya [Communication Studies], 2020, no. 7(4), pp. 801—813. DOI:10.24147/2413-6182.2020.7(4).801-813 (In Russ.).
  14. Karaban N.A., Dikareva A.V. Rechevaya agressiya v internet-obshchenii [Speech aggression in Internet communication]. Filologiya: nauchnye issledovaniya [Philology: Scientific Studies], 2018, no. 2, pp. 1—8. DOI:10.7256/2454-0749.2018.2.25581.URL: https://nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25581 (In Russ.).
  15. Kirilina A.V. Ponyatie dinamicheskogo ob"ekta v postneklassicheskoi lingvistike [The Concept of Dynamic Object in Post-Neoclassical Linguistics]. Voprosy psikholingvistiki [Journal of Psycholinguistics], 2014, no. 4(22), pp. 36—47. (In Russ.).
  16. Kirilina A.V. Internet-zhanr «kommentarii chitatelya» [The Internet Genre of «Reader Comments»]. Vestnik MGPU. Ser. «Filologiya. Teoriyayazyka. Yazykovoeobrazovanie» [Vestnik of Moscow City University. Philology. Theory of Linguistics. Linguistic Education], 2015, no. 17(1), pp. 67—76. (In Russ.).
  17. Kulikova V.A. Novoobrazovaniyakaksredstvoverbal'noiagressii v tekstakh internet-SMI [Novoconstructions as a Means of Verbal Aggression in Internet Media Texts]. In L.V. Ratsiburskoi (ed.) Russkii yazyk v internet-kommunikatsii: lingvokognitivnyi i pragmaticheskii aspekty [Russian Language in Internet Communication: Linguocognitive and Pragmatic Aspects]. Moscow: FLINTA, 2021, pp. 284—317. (In Russ.).
  18. Kuryanovich A.V. Opytlingvo-pravovoi kharakteristiki konfliktnoi yazykovoi lichnosti (na primere analiza kommunikativnogo povedeniya trollya v setevoi perepiske) [Experience of linguistic and legal personality characteristics of conflict language personality (on the example of analysis of communicative behavior of troll in the network correspondence)]. Vestnik TGPU [Tomsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin (TSPU Bulletin)], 2018, no. 2(191), pp. 127—142. (In Russ.).
  19. Lanovaya T.V. Aktivnye slovoobrazovatel'nye modeli russkogo yazyka na materiale "koronaleksiki" [Active word-formation models of the Russian language on the material of "coronalexics"]. Vestnik baltiiskogo federal'nogo universiteta im. I. Kanta. Seriya: Filologiya, pedagogika, psikhologiya [Bulletin of I. Kant Baltic Federal University. Series: Philology, Pedagogy, Psychology], 2021, no. 3, pp.51—63. (In Russ.).
  20. Lutovinova O.V. Kommunikativnye Internet-tipazhi agressivnogo povedeniya kak kross-kul'turnyi fenomen [Communicative Internet-types of aggressive behavior as a cross-cultural phenomenon]. Aktual'nye problemi filologii i pedagogicheskoi lingvistiki [Current Problems of Philology and Pedagogical Linguistics], 2021, no. 3, pp. 158—171. (In Russ.).
  21. Nestik T.A. Vliyanie pandemii COVID-19 na obshchestvo: sotsial'no-psikhologicheskii analiz [The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on society: a socio-psychological analysis]. Institut psikhologii Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Sotsial'naya i ekonomicheskaya psikhologiya [Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences. Social and Economic Psychology], 2020, no. 5(2). DOI:10.38098/ipran.sep.2020.18.2.002 (In Russ.).
  22. Novikova O.N., Kalugina Yu.V. COVID-19 v kontekste sovremennogo sostoyaniya issledovaniya diskursa o pandemii [COVID-19 in the Context of the Current State of Pandemic Discourse Research]. Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Bashkir University], 2020, no. 25(2), pp. 376—381. DOI:10.33184/bulletin-bsu-2020.2.26 (In Russ.).
  23. Pavlova N.D., Afinogenova V.A., Grebenshchikova T.A. Rechevoe vzaimodeistvie v neformal'nom povsednevnom diskurse: intentsional'nyi aspekt [Speech Interaction in Informal Everyday Discourse: Intentional Aspect]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2017, no. 38(5), pp. 41—54. (In Russ.).
  24. Pavlova N.D., Afinogenova V.A., Grebenshchikova T.A., Zachesova I.A., Kubrak T.A. Zakonomernosti obsuzhdeniya aktual’nykh sobytii internet-pol’zovatelyami na ploshchadkakh runeta [Patterns of discussion of current events by Internet users on Runet sites]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Psikhologiya i pedagogika [RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics], 2020, no. 3(17), pp. 504—520. (In Russ.).
  25. Pavlova N.D., Afinogenova V.A., Kubrak T.A., Zachesova I.A. Diskurs sotsial'nykh media v usloviyakh pandemii COVID-19 [Social Media Discourse in the COVID-19 Pandemic]. Eksperimental'naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology], 2021, no. 14(3), pp. 152—167. DOI:10.17759/exppsy.2021140311 (In Russ.).
  26. Pavlova N.D., Grebenshhikova T.A. Intent-analiz. Osnovanija, Procedura, Opyt ispol’zovanija [Intentanalysis. Basis, Procedure, Experience in using]. Moscow: Institute of Psychology Publ., 2017. 151 p. (In Russ.).
  27. Pavlova N.D., Grebenshhikova T.A., Afinogenova V.A., Zachesova I.A., Kubrak T.A. Intencional’noe prostranstvo postsobytijnogo diskursa na razlichnyh internet-ploshhadkah [The intentional space of postevent discourse on various Internet platforms]. Psihologicheskij Zhurnal [Psychological journal], 2020, no. 41(3). pp. 78—91. DOI:10.31857/S020595920009327-5 (In Russ.).
  28. Radbil T.B., Ratsiburskaya L.V., Shchenikova E.V., Zhdanova E.A., Samylicheva N.A., Kulikova V.A. Russkii yazyk v internet-kommunikatsii: lingvokognitivnyii pragmaticheskii aspekty [Russian Language in Internet Communications: Linguocognitive and Pragmatic Aspects]. Moscow: FLINTA, 2021. 328 p. (In Russ.).
  29. Radina N.K. Intent-analiz onlain-diskussii (na primere kommentirovaniya materialov internet portala InoSMI.ru) [Intent analysis of online discussions (on the example of commenting on InoSMI.ru)]. Mediaskop [Mediaskop], 2016, no. 4. URL: http://www.mediascope.ru/2238 (Accessed 15.03.2022). (In Russ.).
  30. Radina N.K. Konstruirovanie pravil onlain-diskussii: rol' «laikov» [Constructing the rules of online discussion: the role of "likes"]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2019, no. 10(4), pp. 58—76. DOI:10.17759/sps.2019100405 (In Russ.).
  31. Russkii yazyk koronavirusnoi epokhi [The Russian Language of the Coronavirus Era] / ed. Priemysheva M.N. Moscow: Publ. Institut lingvisticheskikh issledovanii RAN, 2021. 610 p. (In Russ.).
  32. Savchenko A.V., Lai Yan'-Tszyun' «Koronavirusnye neologizmy»: ot leksiki i frazeologii k internet-memam (na materiale russkogo i kitaiskogo yazykov) ["Coronavirus Neologisms: From Vocabulary and Phraseology to Internet Memes (in Russian and Chinese)]. Kommunikativnye issledovaniya [Communicative Studies], 2020, no. 7(4), pp. 865—886. DOI:10.24147/2413-6182.2020.7(4) (In Russ.).
  33. Severskaya O. I. Kovidioty na karantikulakh: koronavirusnyi slovar' kak diagnosticheskoe pole aktual'nykh diskursivnykh praktik [Covidiotes on Carantics: Coronavirus Vocabulary as a Diagnostic Field of Relevant Discursive Practices]. Kommunikativnye issledovaniya [Communicative Studies], 2020, no. 7(4), pp. 887—906. DOI:10.24147/2413-6182.2020 (In Russ.).
  34. Smirnov P.Yu. Yazykovye sredstva vyrazheniya rechevoi agressii v internet-kommunikatsii [Language Means of Expression of Speech Aggression in Internet Communication]. Nauchnye vedomosti BelGU. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki [Bulletin of the Belgorod State University. Series: Humanities], 2017, no. 14(263), pp. 34—42. (In Russ.).
  35. Speranskaya A.N. «Slovo goda» i «klyuchevaya situatsiya»: o popolnenii aktual'nogo leksikona ["Word of the Year" and "Key Situation": on the addition of the topical lexicon]. Kommunikativnye issledovaniya [Communicative Studies], 2021, no. 8(1), pp. 102—114. DOI:Ш.24147/2413-6182.2021.8(1)Л02-П4 (In Russ.).
  36. Ushakov D.V., Yurevich A.V., Nestik T.A., Yurevich M.A. Sotsial'no-psikhologicheskie aspekty pandemii covid-19: rezul'taty ekspertnogo oprosa rossiiskikh psikhologov [Socio-psychological aspects of the covid-19 pandemic: results of an expert survey of Russian psychologists]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2020, no. 41(5), pp. 5—17. DOI:10.31857/S020595920011074-7 (In Russ.).
  37. Falomkina I. P. Rechevaya agressiya v kommentariyakh sotsial'nykh seteii monitoring sotsial'noi napryazhennosti (na materiale kommentariev v profile @kuzbass_news) [Speech aggression in the comments of social networks and the monitoring of social tension (on the material of the comments in the profile @kuzbass_news)]. Sovremennaya nauka: aktual'nye problemi teorii i praktiki. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki [Modern Science: Current Problems of Theory and Practice. Series: Humanities], 2020, no. 8(2), pp. 101—105. DOI:10.37882/2223-2982.2020.08-2.21 (In Russ.).
  38. Shkhumishkhova A. R., Kalashaova A. A. Lingvostilisticheskie osobennosti internet-kommentariya v SMI [Linguistic peculiarities of Internet commentary in the media]. Cross-Sultural Studies: Education and Science, 2019, no. 3(3), pp. 387—392. (In Russ.).
  39. Yarmak O.V., Strashko E.V., Shkaiderova T.V. Reaktsiya na pandemiyu Covid-19 internet auditoria Moskvy, Sankt-Peterburga i Sevastopolya (po materialam media-analiticheskogo issledovaniya) [Reaction to the Covid-19 pandemic among Internet audiences in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sevastopol (based on media analysis)]. Vestnik Instituta sotsiologii [Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology], 2020, no. 11(3), pp. 121—142. DOI:10.19181/vis.2020.11.3.666 (In Russ.).
  40. Yarmak O.V., Voronova D.I., Evdokimova D.M., Komar A.G., Cherkess A.A. Vaktsinnyi keis: sotsial'noe media analiticheskoe izmerenie (rezul'taty issledovaniya internet-auditorii Moskvy, Sankt-Peterburga i Sevastopolya) [The Vaccine Case: Social Media Analytical Dimension (Results of a Study of Internet Audiences in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sevastopol)]. Paradigmy istorii i obshchestvennogo razvitiya [Paradigms of History and Social Development], 2021, no. 21-22, pp. 103—113. (In Russ.).
  41. Heirman W., Angelopoulos S., Wegge D., Vandebosch H., Eggermont S., Walrave M. Cyberbullying Entrenched or Cyberbully-Free Classrooms? A Class Network and Class Composition Approach. Computer-Mediated Communication. 2015. Vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 260—277. DOI:10.1111/jcc4.12111
  42. Jang K., Paek Y.M. When information from public health officials is untrustworthy: The use of online news, interpersonal networks, and social media during the MERS outbreak in South Korea. Health Communication. 2019. Vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 991—998. DOI:10.1080/ 10410236.2018.1449552
  43. Lukacovic M. “Wars” on COVID-19 in Slovakia, Russia, and the United States: Securitized Framing and Reframing of Political and Media Communication around the Pandemic. Frontiers in Communication. 2020. Vol. 5, pp.1—14. DOI:10.3389/fcomm.2020.583406
  44. Simoes E. «Long live Harry and Meghan!»: an analysis of polite and aggressive argumentation strategies from online forums on celebrity-related news. Journal of discourse studies. 2019. Vol. 8, pp. 156—178. DOI:10.21747/21833958/red8a7

Information About the Authors

Natalia D. Pavlova, Doctor of Psychology, Head of Laboratory of Psychology of Speech and Psycholinguistics, Federal State Budgetary Organization of Sciences Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1516-0977, e-mail: pavlova_natalya@mail.ru

Viktoria A. Afinogenova, PhD in Psychology, Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9216-0145, e-mail: viktoriyamail87@mail.ru

Tina A. Kubrak, PhD in Psychology, Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0701-1736, e-mail: kubrak.tina@gmail.com

Irina A. Zachesova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2369-0262, e-mail: zachiosova_2004@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 249
Previous month: 26
Current month: 8

Downloads

Total: 60
Previous month: 3
Current month: 1