«You Will Remain in the World as a Monk»: the Motive of Obedience and Asceticism in Dostoevsky's World. To the 200th Anniversary of the Russian Genius

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Abstract

The idea of salvation in the world sets the theme of the hermitage and the world, monasticism in the world, worldly holiness in culture. Monasticism is seen as a state of mind regardless of status. The article examines the artistic images of monks in the world. Two Dostoevsky novels "The Idiot" and "Crime and Punishment" are considered. It is proved that in the novel "Idiot" the main character acts as a visionary mystic and a missionary ascetic, he is positively beautiful in everything, excessively gifted with a sense of truth, beauty, tact, harmony. The author's thought is organized multilevel and dynamically, revealed in a triad: thesis, antithesis, synthesis. In the image of Alyosha Karamazov the idea of "about a Christian" is embodied, which the historical reality and personality type did not allow the author to fully realize in Myshkin. Any creation is not only the face of the author in his mobile reality, but also the outcome from it, a creative meta-idea.

General Information

Keywords: Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky, peace, monasticism, obedience, asceticism, holiness, catharsis, theodicy, Russian idea, hero of time

Journal rubric: World Literature. Textology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2022090104

Received: 01.03.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Suzi V.N. «You Will Remain in the World as a Monk»: the Motive of Obedience and Asceticism in Dostoevsky's World. To the 200th Anniversary of the Russian Genius [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2022. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 49–60. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2022090104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Valerii N. Suzi, Doctor of Philology, Independent researcher, Finland, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7493-4282, e-mail: vnsuzi@yandex.ru

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