Preventing Social Orphanhood: the Russian Model



The article explains the Russian model of social orphanhood eradicating based on the analysis of the dynamics of the adoption and foster care and social orphanhood prevention, the legislation development and a compari- son with the international experience. The effectiveness of the state policy is depends on focus of the top federal and regional officials, the dynamic legis- lative development, federal financial support and creative accomplishing the tasks of social orphanhood eradicating throughout the country. Author proposes methodology for evaluating the regions performance based on math- ematical models of the continuity equation. The article identifies a number of factors determine the features of the state policy implementation throughout Russia, including ethnic and religious factors, geographical proximity to the international experience, migration flows, climatic conditions, and the health level. It is pointed out that the implementation of the National Strategy for Action on Children plays a key role in forming the Russian model. The main modern challengers are defining the strategy and tactics of the family and foster care of children difficult to place in family, services on interdepartmental basis, and economic crisis, which may lead to an increasing return of children from foster families.

General Information

Keywords: orphans, children without parental care, deinstitutionalization, the state social policy, model, social orphanhood eradicating, National Strategy on Action for Children

Journal rubric: State Policy in the Sphere of Child Protection: Outcomes and Perspectives

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Semya G.V., Zaitsev G.O., Zaytseva N.G. Preventing Social Orphanhood: the Russian Model. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2016. Vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 67–82. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2016210105. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Galina V. Semya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department Psychology of Education, Chair of Developmental Psychology Named after L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Member of the Coordinating Council of the President of the Russian Federation on the implementation of the “National Strategy for Action for the Benefit of Childrenfor 2012-2017” (Head of the Working Group “Equal opportunities for children in need of special care of the state”); Co-chairman of the Expert Council of the State Duma Committee of the Family, Women and Children; International Expert, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Georgy O. Zaitsev, PhD in Physics and Matematics, Docent, Research, Programmer, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Nadezhda G. Zaytseva, Deput Head of the Department Support of Social Projects, Russian Children in Need Fund, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail: