Russian Version of the Handelman's Adolescent Apathy Inventory



The present study aimed at Russian-language adaptation and validation of the Handelman’s Adolescent Apathy Inventory (AAI).The study group consists of 346 students, who are enrolled into Omsk State Technical University (OmSTU).Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the measure’s one-dimensional structure.Moreover, correlation analyses provided evidence for the inventory’s convergent and divergent validity: adolescent apathy showed positive correlations with alienation from study (OSA-S) and amotivation (AMS-C) and negative correlations with intrinsic motivation for knowledge, intrinsic motivation toward accomplishments, intrinsic motivation for stimulation, intrinsic motivation for self-respect, identified regulation, introjected regulation, extrinsic regulation (AMS-C), vigor and dedication (UWES-S).In addition, inventory showed good reliability (α-Cronbach = 0,76) and temporal stability over one-month period (mean test-retest correlation = 0,71).The present findings provide adequate support for the reliability and validity of the Russian version Adolescent Apathy Inventory.

General Information

Keywords: apathy, alienation from study, academic motivation, student engagement

Journal rubric: Psychological Diagnostics

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The article was prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) and supported within the framework of a subsidy by the Russian Academic Excellence Project “5—100”.

For citation: Zolotareva A.A. Russian Version of the Handelman's Adolescent Apathy Inventory. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2018. Vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 16–24. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2018230602. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Alyona A. Zolotareva, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology, Senior Research Fellow at the International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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