Psychological factors of development and chronicity of technological addictions



The article is devoted to the formation of technological addictions, criteria for their identification and diagnosis, as well as analysis of the psychological factors that contribute to their development. According to the results of comparative analysis of existing models and studies, we present ways of further development of this problem in psychology. Model of technological addictions should be based on a model of “normative” use of technology and cannot be reduced only to the “addictive potential” of technology or person. In addition, one must consider unique humans function of technology (ease, avoiding, and overcoming), which makes a virtual situation more attractive than the real life situation, and provides a transition from “normal” to pathological processes. A special topic is identification of compensatory mechanisms system that support developed forms of addictive behavior (cognitive dissonance reduction strategies, cognitive distortion of perception and evaluation).

General Information

Keywords: technological addictions, addictive behavior, abuse of technology, technology adoption model, adjustment disorders, psychological factors.

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Emelin V.A., Tkhostov A.S., Rasskazova E.I. Psychological factors of development and chronicity of technological addictions [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2013. Vol. 5, no. 1 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Vadim A. Emelin, Doctor of Philosophy, docent, Professor, Department Psychology of Work and Engineering Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Aleksandr S. Tkhostov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Head of Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena I. Rasskazova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Patopsychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Senior Researcher,Mental Health Research Center, Senior Researcher, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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